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Bile Acids Increase Doxorubicin Sensitivity in ABCC1-expressing Tumour Cells.

ABSTRACT: Tumour cells possess or acquire various mechanisms to circumvent the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapy drugs. One such mechanism involves the overexpression of ABC transporters that facilitate the extrusion of a variety of structurally distinct chemotherapy drugs from the cytoplasm into the extracellular space. While specific ABC transporter inhibitors have been developed, many affect other ABC transporters, particularly at elevated concentrations. It is also unclear whether they show clear efficacy for combatting drug resistance in cancer patients with minimal host toxicity. In this study, we demonstrate the ability of two bile acids [?-cholanic acid (urso-cholanic acid) and deoxycholic acid] to specifically inhibit ABCC1-mediated drug transport, augmenting doxorubicin accumulation in breast and lung tumour cells selected for doxorubicin resistance through overexpression of the ABCC1 (but not ABCB1) drug transporter. The bile acids could also restore uptake and sensitivity to doxorubicin in human endothelial kidney cells genetically engineered to overexpress the ABCC1 drug transporter. These observations suggest a previously unreported role for bile acids as ABCC1 inhibitors or regulators. Given its additional properties of minimal clinical toxicity in humans and its ability to inhibit aldo-keto reductases involved in anthracycline resistance and anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity, ?-cholanic acid merits further in vivo and clinical investigation.

SUBMITTER: Chewchuk S 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5882947 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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