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DNA gyrase activity regulates DnaA-dependent replication initiation in Bacillus subtilis.

ABSTRACT: In bacteria, initiation of DNA replication requires the DnaA protein. Regulation of DnaA association and activity at the origin of replication, oriC, is the predominant mechanism of replication initiation control. One key feature known to be generally important for replication is DNA topology. Although there have been some suggestions that topology may impact replication initiation, whether this mechanism regulates DnaA-mediated replication initiation is unclear. We found that the essential topoisomerase, DNA gyrase, is required for both proper binding of DnaA to oriC as well as control of initiation frequency in Bacillus subtilis. Furthermore, we found that the regulatory activity of gyrase in initiation is specific to DnaA and oriC. Cells initiating replication from a DnaA-independent origin, oriN, are largely resistant to gyrase inhibition by novobiocin, even at concentrations that compromise survival by up to four orders of magnitude in oriC cells. Furthermore, inhibition of gyrase does not impact initiation frequency in oriN cells. Additionally, deletion or overexpression of the DnaA regulator, YabA, significantly modulates sensitivity to gyrase inhibition, but only in oriC and not oriN cells. We propose that gyrase is a negative regulator of DnaA-dependent replication initiation from oriC, and that this regulatory mechanism is required for cell survival.

SUBMITTER: Samadpour AN 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5893406 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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