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Generation and characterization of new alleles of quiver (qvr) that encodes an extracellular modulator of the Shaker potassium channel.


ABSTRACT: Our earlier genetic screen uncovered a paraquat-sensitive leg-shaking mutant quiver1 (qvr1), whose gene product interacts with the Shaker (Sh) K+ channel. We also mapped the qvr locus to EY04063 and noticed altered day-night activity patterns in these mutants. Such circadian behavioral defects were independently reported by another group, who employed the qvr1 allele we supplied them, and attributed the extreme restless phenotype of EY04063 to the qvr gene. However, their report adopted a new noncanonical gene name sleepless (sss) for qvr. In addition to qvr1 and qvrEY, our continuous effort since the early 2000s generated a number of novel recessive qvr alleles, including ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS)-induced mutations qvr2 and qvr3, and P-element excision lines qvrip6 (imprecise jumpout), qvrrv7, and qvrrv9 (revertants) derived from qvrEY. Distinct from the original intron-located qvr1 allele that generates abnormal-sized mRNAs, qvr2, and qvr3 had their lesion sites in exons 6 and 7, respectively, producing nearly normal-sized mRNA products. A set of RNA-editing sites are nearby the lesion sites of qvr3 and qvrEY on exon 7. Except for the revertants, all qvr alleles display a clear ether-induced leg-shaking phenotype just like Sh, and weakened climbing abilities to varying degrees. Unlike Sh, all shaking qvr alleles (except for qvrf01257) displayed a unique activity-dependent enhancement in excitatory junction potentials (EJPs) at larval neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) at very low stimulus frequencies, with qvrEY displaying the largest EJP and more significant NMJ overgrowth than other alleles. Our detailed characterization of a collection of qvr alleles helps to establish links between novel molecular lesions and different behavioral and physiological consequences, revealing how modifications of the qvr gene lead to a wide spectrum of phenotypes, including neuromuscular hyperexcitability, defective motor ability and activity-rest cycles.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5918287 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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