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Cloning and Transcriptional Activity Analysis of the Porcine Abcb1 Gene Promoter: Transcription Factor Sp1 Regulates the Expression of Porcine Abcb1.

ABSTRACT: P-Glycoprotein (P-gp, Abcb1) plays a crucial role in drug disposition and functions by hydrolyzing ATP. However, little is known about the regulatory elements governing the transcription of the porcine Abcb1 gene. In this study, the transcription start site of the pig Abcb1 gene was identified by 5'-RACE. A 1.9-kb fragment of the 5'-flanking region of the Abcb1 gene was cloned from pig genomic DNA and sequenced. The region critical for its promoter activity was investigated via progressive deletions. Further, using mutation assays, two proximal Sp1 binding sites within the 5'-flanking region of Abcb1 were proven to be important cis-regulatory elements involved in regulating the constitutive expression of porcine Abcb1. RNA interference experiments showed that Sp1 regulated the expression of the porcine P-gp at both mRNA and protein levels. Hence, the current work provides valuable information on the regulatory mechanisms of pig Abcb1.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5945876 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01


REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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