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GATA4-dependent regulation of the secretory phenotype via MCP-1 underlies lamin A-mediated human mesenchymal stem cell aging.


ABSTRACT: Defects in the nuclear lamina occur during physiological aging and as. result of premature aging disorders. Aging is also accompanied by an increase in transcription of genes encoding cytokines and chemokines,. phenomenon known as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Progerin and prelamin. trigger premature senescence and loss of function of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), but little is known about how defects in nuclear lamin. regulate SASP. Here, we show that both progerin overexpression and ZMPSTE24 depletion induce paracrine senescence, especially through the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), in hMSCs. Importantly, we identified that GATA4 is. mediator regulating MCP-1 expression in response to prelamin. or progerin in hMSCs. Co-immunoprecipitation revealed that GATA4 expression is maintained due to impaired p62-mediated degradation in progerin-expressing hMSCs. Furthermore, depletion of GATA4 abrogated SASP-dependent senescence through suppression of NF-?B and MCP-1 in hMSCs with progerin or prelamin A. Thus, our findings indicate that abnormal lamin. proteins trigger paracrine senescence through. GATA4-dependent pathway in hMSCs. This molecular link between defective lamin. and GATA4 can provide insights into physiological aging and pathological aging disorders.

SUBMITTER: Lee JY 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5951912 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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