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MicroRNA-30a increases the chemosensitivity of U251 glioblastoma cells to temozolomide by directly targeting beclin 1 and inhibiting autophagy.


ABSTRACT: Temozolomide (TMZ) is one of the most commonly used drugs for the clinical treatment of glioblastomas. However, it has been reported that treatment with TMZ can induce autophagy, which leads to tumor resistance and increases the survival of tumor cells. MicroRNA-30a (miR-30a) has been found to have inhibitory effects on autophagy by directly targeting beclin 1. However, the exact role of miR-30a in TMZ-treated glioblastoma cells has not been studied previously. The present study aimed to investigate whether miR-30a increased the cytotoxicity of TMZ to glioblastoma U251 cells, as well as the underlying mechanism. MTT and flow cytometry assay results showed that treatment with TMZ inhibited the proliferation of U251 cells while inducing cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Western blotting data showed that the expression levels of LC3-II and beclin 1 as well as the ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I were markedly increased in TMZ-treated U251 cells compared with the untreated control cells, indicating that treatment with TMZ induced autophagy. Moreover, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction data showed that treatment with TMZ led to a significant reduction in miR-30a levels in a dose-dependent manner in U251 cells. Elevation of the miR-30a level significantly inhibited TMZ-induced autophagy, demonstrated by the decreased LC3-II and beclin 1 levels and ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I, accompanied by the reduced proliferation and increased apoptosis in TMZ-treated U251 cells. Furthermore, luciferase reporter assay data indicated that beclin 1 was a direct target of miR-30a in U251 cells. In summary, this study demonstrated that miR-30a increases the chemosensitivity of glioblastoma U251 cells to temozolomide by directly targeting beclin 1 and inhibiting autophagy. Therefore, autophagy may be a promising target for the treatment of TMZ-resistant tumors.

SUBMITTER: Xu J 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5952084 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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