ObjectiveThe rapid emergence of drug resistant Leishmanial strains makes it imperative to continue the development of cheap and effective drugs against the parasite. Due to the absence of effective vaccines against leishmaniasis, current therapeutic measures exclusively rely on chemotherapy. Here we attempt, to identify novel antileishmanial from a list of known drugs determined from a previous bioinformatics study. Synergism between various drug combinations (involving netilmicin, suramin, paromomycin and curcumin) have been estimated to identify potent multidrug therapies to combat the disease.
ResultsThe drugs were screened against Leishmania promastigotes by utilizing the MTT assay and against intracellular amastigotes using murine Macrophage like tumor cell, RAW 264.7 as a host. In vitro drug interactions were tested for several drug combinations with a modified fixed ratio isobologram method against both Leishmania major and Leishmania donovani. This work reports the in vitro antileishmanial activity for the aminoglycoside netilmicin (for some Leishmania parasites) and the anti-trypanosomatid suramin. Synergism was also observed between paromomycin-suramin and netilmicin-curcumin.
SUBMITTER: Khanra S