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Investigation of C1-complex regions reveals new C1Q variants associated with protection from systemic lupus erythematosus, and affect its transcript abundance.

ABSTRACT: Although rare variant C1Q deficiency was identified as causative risk for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), there are limited and inconsistent reports regarding the common polymorphisms of C1Q genes in SLE susceptibility. Furthermore, there are no reports concerning polymorphisms of C1S, C1R, and C1RL and whether they confer susceptibility to SLE. We therefore evaluated 22 SNPs across six C1-complex genes in two independent case-control cohorts, and identified four novel SNPs that confer protection from SLE. The four SNPs are all located in C1Q. Particularly, the variant rs653286 displayed an independent reduced risk on SLE susceptibility (OR 0.75, P?=?2.16?×?10-3) and anti-dsDNA antibodies (OR 0.68, P?=?0.024). By bioinformatics analysis, SNPs rs653286 and rs291985 displayed striking cis-eQTL effects on C1Q genes expression. Individuals homozygous for the 'protective' allele at four SNPs had significantly higher levels of serum C1q (rs680123-rs682658: P?=?0.0022; rs653286-rs291985: P?=?0.0076). To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate that only C1Q polymorphisms are associated with SLE. The C1Q SNP rs653286 confers an independent protective effect on SLE susceptibility and affects transcript abundance.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC5966390 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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