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Cerebral Amyloid Deposition and Dual-Tasking in Cognitively Normal, Mobility Unimpaired Older Adults.


ABSTRACT: We examined relationships between cerebral amyloid-beta (A?) and cognitive-gait dual-task performance in 27 cognitively normal, mobility unimpaired elders.We assessed A? on Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB)-PET. We measured gait speed separately and while performing working-memory, response-inhibition, motor-sequencing, and phone-dialing tasks. We compared dual-task costs on gait and cognitive performance in high-A? (PiB(+)) and low-A? (PiB(-)) groups and examined the association between A? and dual-task performance decrements.PiB(+) (n = 16) were comparable with the PiB(-) (n = 11) individuals on demographics, general cognitive and physical performance, and key brain MRI characteristics. PiB(+) group demonstrated greater dual-task costs on gait speed on all cognitive tasks (p < .05) except on response inhibition. Dual-task costs on cognition were similar between groups. Overall, A? was associated with dual-task decrement on gait speed but not on dual-task decrement on cognitive performance.Preliminary evidence indicates that cerebral A? is associated with gait slowing on dual-tasking in healthy older adults.

SUBMITTER: Nadkarni NK 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5968634 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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