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Differences in the Neighborhood Retail Food Environment and Obesity Among US Children and Adolescents by SNAP Participation.


ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:The goal of this study was to understand the association between children's neighborhood food access and overweight/obesity in a national sample of US households, and whether this association differs by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation or household purchases. METHODS:Data were obtained from the National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (2012-2013; n?=?3,748 children aged 2 to 18 years). Logistic regression was used to examine associations between neighborhood retail food access (?1 mile from home), food purchases (including sugary beverages), and overweight/obesity, stratified by SNAP status (1,720 participants, 453 eligible nonparticipants, 1,575 SNAP ineligible). Store types included supermarkets/grocery, combination grocery/other (independent drug, dollar, and general stores), convenience, fast food, and non-fast food restaurants. RESULTS:Odds of childhood overweight/obesity (OR [95% CI]) were higher with greater access to combination grocery/other stores overall (1.10 [1.03-1.17]) and for children in SNAP (1.14 [1.05-1.24]). Eligible non-SNAP children had higher odds of overweight/obesity with greater access to convenience stores (1.11 [1.04-1.18]). The average child lived in a household with 6.3% of total spending at food outlets on sugary beverages (SNAP: 8.3%, eligible non-SNAP: 7.7%, SNAP ineligible: 5.5%). CONCLUSIONS:Greater neighborhood access to combination grocery/other stores is associated with higher obesity prevalence for children overall and those in SNAP.

SUBMITTER: Gorski Findling MT 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC5975976 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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