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The Small Molecule Inhibitor QLT-0267 Decreases the Production of Fibrin-Induced Inflammatory Cytokines and Prevents Post-Surgical Peritoneal Adhesions.


ABSTRACT: Peritoneal adhesions develop after abdominal surgery, trauma or intraperitoneal infections, and have important consequences. The deposition of peritoneal fibrin is a common pathophysiological pathway for the formation of adhesions. Here, we aimed to examine the effects of fibrin-induced cytokine production on peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs), and to block the effects of fibrin using an integrin-linked kinase (ILK) inhibitor, QLT-0267. PMCs were cultured from the enzymatic disaggregation of rat omentum. After the PMCs were covered with fibrin, the expression of IL-1?, IL-6, TNF? and VEGF-A increased. This increase in cytokine production was attenuated by QLT-0267, which acted via the inhibition of both the ILK and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) pathways, and subsequently via the GSK-3? pathway. We found that QLT-0267 decreased both the severity of peritoneal adhesion and the serum levels of IL-6 in our post-surgical adhesion mouse model. In conclusion, our study provides novel evidence that fibrin-induced cytokine production may involve in the mechanism of peritoneal adhesion formation. Furthermore, the use of the small molecule inhibitor QLT-0267 is a new strategy in preventing peritoneal adhesion in patients undergoing abdominal surgery.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6013455 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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