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Type-B ARRs Control Carpel Regeneration Through Mediating AGAMOUS Expression in Arabidopsis.


ABSTRACT: Plants are known for their capacity to regenerate organs, such as shoot, root and floral organs. Recently, a number of studies contributed to understanding the mechanisms of shoot and root regeneration. However, the mechanisms underlying floral organ regeneration are largely unknown. In this study, we established a carpel regeneration system in which two types of carpels were induced by exogenous cytokinin. For type I, all the floral organs in the regenerated inflorescence were transformed into carpels. For type II, carpels were generated directly from callus. The transcript level of AGAMOUS (AG), the carpel identity gene, was up-regulated during carpel induction. The expression signals of AG were detected in the initiating carpel primordia and regenerating carpels, and co-localized with those of two Type-B ARABIDOPSIS RESPONSE REGULATORs (ARRs), ARR1 and ARR10. Repression of either AG or type-B ARRs reduced carpel regeneration. Binding analyses showed that ARR1 and ARR10 directly bound to transcriptional regulatory regions of AG and positively regulated its expression. In addition, the expression of type-B ARRs overlapped with that of AG in the floral primordia in planta. Defects in type-B ARRs reduced the number of carpels. The results indicate that type-B ARRs control carpel regeneration through activating AG expression. Our results provide new information for understanding the mechanism of carpel formation.

SUBMITTER: Rong XF 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6018948 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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