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Overexpression of THI4 and HAP4 Improves Glucose Metabolism and Ethanol Production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.


ABSTRACT: Redox homeostasis is essential to the maintenance of cell metabolism. Changes in the redox state cause global metabolic and transcriptional changes. Our previous study indicated that the overexpression of NADH oxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae led to increased glucose consumption and ethanol production. Gene expression related to thiamine synthesis and osmotolerance as well as HAP4 expression was increased in response to redox change caused by the overexpression of NADH oxidase. To identify detailed relationships among cofactor levels, thiamine synthesis, expression of HAP4, and osmotolerance, and to determine whether these changes are interdependent, THI4 and HAP4 were overexpressed in S. cerevisiae BY4741. The glucose consumption rate of THI4-overexpressing strain (thi4-OE) was the highest, followed by HAP4-overexpressing strain (hap4-OE) > NADH oxidase-overexpressing strain (nox-OE) > control strain (con), while strain hap4-OE showed the highest concentration of ethanol after 26 h of fermentation. Reduced glycerol production and increased osmotolerance were observed in thi4-OE and hap4-OE, as well as in nox-OE. HAP4 globally regulated thiamine synthesis, biomass synthesis, respiration, and osmotolerance of cells, which conferred the recombinant strain hap4-OE with faster glucose metabolism and enhanced stress resistance. Moreover, overexpression of HAP4 might extend the life span of cells under caloric restriction by lowering the NADH level. Although overexpression of THI4 and HAP4 induced various similar changes at both the metabolic and the transcriptional level, the regulatory effect of THI4 was more limited than that of HAP4, and was restricted to the growth phase of cells. Our findings are expected to benefit the bio-ethanol industry.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6030257 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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