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Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1? Activity as a Switch for Glioblastoma Responsiveness to Temozolomide.

ABSTRACT: Rationale:The activity of the transcription factor, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1?, is a common driver of a number of the pathways involved in the aggressiveness of glioblastomas (GBMs), and it has been suggested that the reduction in this activity observed, soon after the administration of temozolomide (TMZ), can be a biomarker of an early response in GBM models. As HIF-1? is a tightly regulated protein, studying the processes involved in its downregulation could shed new light on the mechanisms underlying GBM sensitivity or resistance to TMZ. Methods:The effect of HIF-1? silencing on cell responsiveness to TMZ was assessed in four genetically different human GBM cell lines by evaluating cell viability and apoptosis-related gene balance. LAMP-2A silencing was used to evaluate the contribution of chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) to the modulation of HIF-1? activity in TMZ-sensitive and TMZ-resistant cells. Results:The results showed that HIF-1? but not HIF-2? activity is associated with GBM responsiveness to TMZ: its downregulation improves the response of TMZ-resistant cells, while blocking CMA-mediated HIF-1? degradation induces resistance to TMZ in TMZ-sensitive cells. These findings are in line with the modulation of crucial apoptosis-related genes. Conclusion:Our results demonstrate the central role played by HIF-1? activity in determining the sensitivity or resistance of GBMs to TMZ, and we suggest that CMA is the cellular mechanism responsible for modulating this activity after TMZ treatment.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6036118 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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