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Site-Specific Fluorescence Dynamics To Probe Polar Arrest by Fob1 in Replication Fork Barrier Sequences.


ABSTRACT: Fob1 protein plays an important role in aging and maintains genomic stability by avoiding clashes between the replication and transcription machinery. It facilitates polar arrest by binding to replication fork barrier (RFB) sites, present within the nontranscribed spacer region of the ribosomal DNA. Here, we investigate the mechanism of unidirectional arrest by creating multiple prosthetic forks within the RFB, with fluorescent adenine analogue 2-aminopurine incorporated site-specifically in both the "permissible" and "nonpermissible" directions. The motional dynamics of the RFB-Fob1 complexes analyzed by fluorescence lifetime and fluorescence anisotropy decay kinetics shows that Fob1 adopts a clamp-lock model of arrest and causes stronger perturbation with the bases in the double-stranded region of the nonpermissible-directed forks over those of the permissible directed ones, thereby creating a polar barrier. Corroborative thermal melting studies reveal a skewed distribution of GC content within the RFB sequence that potentially assists in Fob1-mediated arrest.

SUBMITTER: Biswas A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6045349 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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