RNA Methylation in ncRNA: Classes, Detection, and Molecular Associations.
ABSTRACT: Nearly all classes of coding and non-coding RNA undergo post-transcriptional modification, as more than 150 distinct modification types have been reported. Since RNA modifications were first described over 50 years ago, our understanding of their functional relevance in cellular control mechanisms and phenotypes has truly progressed only in the last 15 years due to advancements in detection and experimental techniques. Specifically, the phenomenon of RNA methylation in the context of ncRNA has emerged as a novel process in the arena of epitranscriptomics. Methylated ncRNA molecules may indeed contribute to a potentially vast functional panorama, from regulation of post-transcriptional gene expression to adaptive cellular responses. Recent discoveries have uncovered novel dynamic mechanisms and new layers of complexity, paving the way to a greater understanding of the role of such phenomena within the broader molecular cellular context of human disease.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC6052889 | BioStudies |