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Survival after in-hospital cardiac arrest among cerebrovascular disease patients.


ABSTRACT: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability, and while preferences for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are frequently discussed, there is limited evidence detailing outcomes after CPR among acute cerebrovascular neurology (inclusive of stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)) patients. Systematic review and meta-analysis of PubMed and Cochrane libraries from January 1990 to December 2016 was conducted among stroke patients undergoing in-hospital CPR. Primary data from studies meeting inclusion criteria at two levels were extracted: 1) studies reporting survival to hospital discharge after CPR with cerebrovascular primary admitting diagnosis, and 2) studies reporting survival to hospital discharge after CPR with cerebrovascular comorbidity. Meta-analysis generated weighted, pooled survival estimates for each population. Of 818 articles screened, there were 176 articles (22%) that underwent full review. Three articles met primary inclusion criteria, with an estimated 8% (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.01, 0.14) rate of survival to hospital discharge from a pooled sample of 561 cerebrovascular patients after in-hospital CPR. Twenty articles met secondary inclusion criteria, listing a cerebrovascular comorbidity, with an estimated rate of survival to hospital discharge of 16% (95% CI 0.14, 0.19). All studies demonstrated wide variability in adherence to Utstein guidelines, and neurological outcomes were detailed in only 6 (26%) studies. Among the few studies reporting survival to hospital discharge after CPR among acute cerebrovascular patients, survival is lower than general inpatient populations. These findings synthesize the limited empirical basis for discussions about resuscitation among stroke patients, and highlight the need for more disease stratified reporting of outcomes after inpatient CPR.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6062458 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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