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Distinct Roles of Protein Phosphatase 1 Bound on Neurabin and Spinophilin and Its Regulation in AMPA Receptor Trafficking and LTD Induction.


ABSTRACT: Protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) constrains learning and memory formation in part through its effects on the induction threshold of long-term potentiation (LTP) and depression (LTD). LTD induction requires both the enzymatic activity of PP1 and its proper anchoring to synaptic spines. We have shown previously that neurabin, a major synaptic scaffolding protein, targets PP1 to synapses for LTD induction. Here, we show that PP1 bound on spinophilin, a close homolog of neurabin and another major synaptic PP1 anchoring protein, does not play a role in LTD induction, which suggests that neurabin plays a privileged role in nanodomain targeting of PP1 in LTD induction. We found that protein kinase A can significantly weaken the neurabin-PP1 interaction in neurons via phosphorylation of neurabin at serine 461, a phosphorylation site adjacent to the PP1-binding motif that is not conserved in spinophilin. Finally, we found that a neurabin mutation (S461E), which mimics phosphorylation, blocked AMPA receptor endocytosis and LTD induction. The results indicate the critical importance of nanodomain targeting of PP1 within synaptic spines and its regulation in LTD induction.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6066450 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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