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MicroRNA-106a-5p Inhibited C2C12 Myogenesis via Targeting PIK3R1 and Modulating the PI3K/AKT Signaling.


ABSTRACT: The microRNA (miR)-17 family is widely expressed in mammalian tissues and play important roles in various physiological and pathological processes. Here, the functions of miR-106a-5p, a member of miR-17 family, were explored during myogenic differentiation in C2C12 cell line. First, miR-106a-5p was found to be relatively lower expressed in two-month skeletal muscle tissues and gradually decreased upon myogenic stimuli. Forced expression of miR-106a-5p significantly reduced the differentiation index, fusion index as well as the expression of myogenic markers (MyoD, MyoG, MyHC, Myomixer, Myomarker). Meanwhile, the levels of phosphorylated AKT were reduced by overexpression of miR-106a-5p, and administration of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), a booster of myogenic differentiation, could recover all the inhibitory effects above of miR-106a-5p. Furthermore, miR-106a-5p was elevated in aged muscles and dexamethasone (DEX)-treated myotubes, and up-regulation of miR-106a-5p significantly reduced the diameters of myotubes accompanied with increased levels of muscular atrophy genes and decreased PI3K/AKT activities. Finally, miR-106a-5p was demonstrated to directly bind to the 3'-UTR of PIK3R1, thus, repress the PI3K/AKT signaling.

SUBMITTER: Li X 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6070835 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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