SIS3, a specific inhibitor of Smad3 reverses ABCB1- and ABCG2-mediated multidrug resistance in cancer cell lines.
ABSTRACT: One of the major challenges in cancer chemotherapy is the development of multidrug resistance phenomenon attributed to the overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter ABCB1 or ABCG2 in cancer cells. Therefore, re-sensitizing MDR cancer cells to chemotherapy by directly inhibiting the activity of ABC transporters has clinical relevance. Unfortunately, previous attempts of developing clinically applicable synthetic inhibitors have failed, mostly due to problems associated with toxicity and unforeseen drug-drug interactions. An alternative approach is by repositioning drugs with known pharmacological properties as modulators of ABCB1 and ABCG2. In this study, we discovered that the transport function of ABCB1 and ABCG2 is strongly inhibited by SIS3, a specific inhibitor of Smad3. More importantly, SIS3 enhances drug-induced apoptosis and resensitizes ABCB1- and ABCG2-overexpressing cancer cells to chemotherapeutic drugs at non-toxic concentrations. These findings are further supported by ATPase assays and by a docking analysis of SIS3 in the drug-binding pockets of ABCB1 and ABCG2. In summary, we revealed an additional action of SIS3 that re-sensitizes MDR cancer cells and a combination therapy with this drug and other chemotherapeutic agents may be beneficial for patients with MDR tumors.
Project description:The development of multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer patients driven by the overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter ABCB1 or ABCG2 in cancer cells presents one of the most daunting therapeutic complications for clinical scientists to resolve. Despite many novel therapeutic strategies that have been tested over the years, there is still no approved treatment for multidrug-resistant cancers to date. We have recently adopted a drug repurposing approach to identify therapeutic agents that are clinically active and at the same time, capable of reversing multidrug resistance mediated by ABCB1 and ABCG2. In the present study, we investigated the effect of sitravatinib, a novel multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, on human ABCB1 and ABCG2 in multidrug-resistant cancer cell lines. We discovered that at submicromolar concentrations, sitravatinib re-sensitizes ABCB1- and ABCG2-overexpressing multidrug-resistant cancer cells to chemotherapeutic drugs. We found that sitravatinib blocks the drug efflux function of ABCB1 and ABCG2 in a concentration-dependent manner but does not significantly alter the protein expression of ABCB1 or ABCG2 in multidrug-resistant cancer cells. In conclusion, we reveal a potential drug repositioning treatment option for multidrug-resistant cancers by targeting ABCB1 and ABCG2 with sitravatinib and should be further investigated in future clinical trials.
Project description:ARRY-334543 is a small molecule inhibitor of ErbB1 and ErbB2 tyrosine kinases. We conducted this study to determine whether ARRY-334543 can enhance the efficacy of conventional anticancer drugs through interaction with ABC transporters. Lung cancer cell line NCI-H460 and its ABCG2-overexpressing NCI-H460/MX20, as well as the ABCG2-, ABCB1-, and ABCC10-overexpressing transfected cell lines were used for the reversal study. Our results demonstrated that ARRY-334543 (1.0??M) significantly reversed ABCG2-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) by directly inhibiting the drug efflux function of ABCG2, resulting in the elevated intracellular accumulation of chemotherapeutic drugs in the ABCG2-overexpressing cell lines. In addition, in isolated membranes, ARRY-334543 stimulated ATPase activity and inhibited photolabeling of ABCG2 with [(125)I]-iodoarylazidoprazosin in a concentration-dependent manner indicating that this drug directly interacts at the drug-binding pocket of this transporter. ARRY-334543 (1.0??M) only slightly reversed ABCB1- and partially reversed ABCC10-mediated MDR suggesting that it exhibits high affinity toward ABCG2. Moreover, homology modeling predicted the binding conformation of ARRY-334543 at Arg482 centroid-based grid of ABCG2. However, ARRY-334543 at reversal concentrations did not affect the expression level of ABCG2, AKT and ERK1/2 and regulate the re-localization of ABCG2. We conclude that ARRY-334543 significantly reverses drug resistance mediated by ABCG2.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, such as ABCB1 and ABCG2, has been proved to be a major trigger for multidrug resistance (MDR) in certain types of cancer. A promising approach to reverse MDR is the combined use of nontoxic and potent ABC transporters inhibitor with conventional anticancer drugs. We previously reported that FW-04-806 (conglobatin) as a novel Hsp90 inhibitor with low toxicity, capable of attenuating Hsp90/Cdc37 /clients interactions and producing antitumor action in vitro and in vivo. Our early activity screening found that FW-04-806 at non-cytotoxic concentration was able to enhance the cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agents on the ABCB1 overexpressing cells. Therefore, we speculated that FW-04-806 might be a promising MDR reversal agent. In the present study we further investigated its reversal effect of MDR induced by ABC transporters in vitro and in vivo. METHODS:MTT assay in vitro and xenograftes in vivo were used to investigate reversal effect of FW-04-806 on MDR in ABCB1 or ABCG2 overexpressing cancer cells. To understand the mechanisms for the MDR reversal, we examined the effects of FW-04-806 on intracellular accumulation of doxorubicin (DOX, adriamycin, adr)/Rhodamine 123 (Rho 123), efflux of doxorubicin, expression levels of gene and protein of ABCB1 or ABCG2 and ATPase activity of ABCB1, and carried out molecular docking between FW-04-806 and human ABCB1. RESULTS:The results indicated that FW-04-806 significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of substrate chemotherapeutic agents on the ABCB1 or ABCG2 overexpressing cells in vitro and in vivo suggesting its reversal MDR effects. FW-04-806 increased the intracellular accumulation of DOX or Rho123 by inhibiting the efflux function of ABC transporters in MDR cells rather than in their parental sensitive cells. However, unlike other ABC transporter inhibitors, FW-04-806 had no effect on the ATPase activity nor on the expression of ABCB1 or ABCG2 on either mRNA or protein level. Molecular docking suggested that FW-04-806 may have lower affinity to the ATPase site, which was consistent with its no significant effect on the ATPase activity of ABCB1; However FW-04-806 may bind to substrate binding site in TMDs more stably than substrate anticancer drugs therefore obstruct the anticancer drugs pumped out of the cell. CONCLUSIONS:FW-04-806 is a compound that has both anti-tumor and reversal MDR effects, and its antitumor clinical application is worth further study.
Project description:The main characteristic of tumor cell resistance is multidrug resistance (MDR). MDR is the principle cause of the decline in clinical efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs. There are several mechanisms that could cause MDR. Among these, one of the most important mechanisms underlying MDR is the overexpression of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) super-family of transporters, which effectively pump out cytotoxic agents and targeted anticancer drugs across the cell membrane. In recent years, studies found that ABC transporters and tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) interact with each other. TKIs may behave as substrates or inhibitors depending on the expression of specific pumps, drug concentration, their affinity for the transporters and types of co-administered agents. Therefore, we performed in vitro experiments to observe whether olmutinib could reverse MDR in cancer cells overexpressing ABCB1, ABCG2, or ABCC1 transporters. The results showed that olmutinib at 3 ?M significantly reversed drug resistance mediated by ABCG2, but not by ABCB1 and ABCC1, by antagonizing the drug efflux function in ABCG2-overexpressing cells. In addition, olmutinib at reversal concentration affected neither the protein expression level nor the localization of ABCG2. The results observed from the accumulation/efflux study of olmutinib showed that olmutinib reversed ABCG2-mediated MDR with an increasing intracellular drug accumulation due to inhibited drug efflux. We also had consistent results with the ATPase assay that olmutinib stimulated ATPase activity of ABCG2 up to 3.5-fold. Additionally, the molecular interaction between olmutinib and ABCG2 was identified by docking simulation. Olmutinib not only interacts directly with ABCG2 but also works as a competitive inhibitor of the transport protein. In conclusion, olmutinib could reverse ABCG2-mediated MDR. The reversal effect of olmutinib on ABCG2-mediated MDR cells is not due to ABCG2 expression or intracellular localization, but rather related to its interaction with ABCG2 protein resulting in drug efflux inhibition and ATPase stimulation.
Project description:The overexpression of one or multiple ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters such as ABCB1, ABCC1 or ABCG2 in cancer cells often leads to the development of multidrug resistance phenotype and consequent treatment failure. Therefore, these transporters constitute an important target to improve the therapeutic outcome in cancer patients. In this study, we employed a drug repurposing approach to identify MY-5445, a known phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, as a selective modulator of ABCG2. We discovered that by inhibiting the drug transport function of ABCG2, MY-5445 potentiates drug-induced apoptosis in ABCG2-overexpressing multidrug-resistant cancer cells and resensitizes these cells to chemotherapeutic drugs. Our data of MY-5445 stimulating the ATPase activity of ABCG2 and molecular docking analysis of its binding to the substrate-binding pocket of ABCG2 provide additional insight into the manner in which MY-5445 interacts with ABCG2. Furthermore, we found that ABCG2 does not confer resistance to MY-5445 in human cancer cells. Overall, our study revealed an additional action of MY-5445 to resensitize ABCG2-overexpressing multidrug-resistant cancer cells to conventional anticancer drugs, and this should be evaluated in future drug combination trials.
Project description:Overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters is one of the most important mechanisms responsible for multi-drug resistance (MDR). VS-4718, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting focal adhesion kinase (FAK) with a potential anticancer effect, is currently evaluated in clinical trials. In this study, we investigated whether VS-4718 could reverse MDR mediated by ABC transporters, including ABCB1, ABCG2, and ABCC1. The results showed that VS-4718 significantly reversed ABCB1- and ABCG2-mediated MDR, but not MDR mediated by ABCC1. Treatment of VS-4718 did not alter the protein level and subcellular localization of ABCB1 or ABCG2. Mechanism studies indicated that the reversal effects of VS-4718 were related to attenuation of the efflux activity of ABCB1 and ABCG2 transporters. ATPase analysis indicated that VS-4718 stimulated the ATPase activity of ABCB1 and ABCG2. Docking study showed that VS-4718 interacted with the substrate-binding sites of both ABCB1 and ABCG2, suggesting that VS-4718 may affect the activity of ABCB1 and ABCG2 competitively. This study provided a novel insight for MDR cancer treatment. It indicated that combination of VS-4718 with antineoplastic drugs could attenuate MDR mediated by ABCB1 or ABCG2 in ABCB1- or ABCG2-overexpressing cancer cells.
Project description:Alectinib, an inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here we investigated the reversal effect of alectinib on multidrug resistance (MDR) induced by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, which is the primary cause of chemotherapy failure. We provide the first evidence that alectinib increases the sensitivity of ABCB1- and ABCG2-overexpressing cells to chemotherapeutic agents in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, alectinib increased the intracellular accumulation of ABCB1/ABCG2 substrates such as doxorubicin (DOX) and Rhodamine 123 (Rho 123) by inhibiting the efflux function of the transporters in ABCB1- or ABCG2-overexpressing cells but not in their parental sensitive cells. Furthermore, alectinib stimulated ATPase activity and competed with substrates of ABCB1 or ABCG2 and competed with [125I] iodoarylazidoprazosin (IAAP) photolabeling bound to ABCB1 or ABCG2 but neither altered the expression and localization of ABCB1 or ABCG2 nor the phosphorylation levels of AKT and ERK. Alectinib also enhanced the cytotoxicity of DOX and the intracellular accumulation of Rho 123 in ABCB1-overexpressing primary leukemia cells. These findings suggest that alectinib combined with traditional chemotherapy may be beneficial to patients with ABCB1- or ABCG2-mediated MDR.
Project description:The frequent occurrence of multidrug resistance (MDR) conferred by the overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters ABCB1 and ABCG2 in cancer cells remains a therapeutic obstacle for scientists and clinicians. Consequently, developing or identifying modulators of ABCB1 and ABCG2 that are suitable for clinical practice is of great importance. Therefore, we have explored the drug repositioning approach to identify candidate modulators of ABCB1 and ABCG2 from tyrosine kinase inhibitors with known pharmacological properties and anticancer activities. In this study, we discovered that avapritinib (BLU-285), a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable tyrosine kinase inhibitor against mutant forms of KIT and platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA), attenuates the transport function of both ABCB1 and ABCG2. Moreover, avapritinib restores the chemosensitivity of ABCB1- and ABCG2-overexpressing MDR cancer cells at nontoxic concentrations. These findings were further supported by results of apoptosis induction assays, ATP hydrolysis assays, and docking of avapritinib in the drug-binding pockets of ABCB1 and ABCG2. Altogether, our study highlights an additional action of avapritinib on ABC drug transporters, and a combination of avapritinib with conventional chemotherapy should be further investigated in patients with MDR tumors.
Project description:The overexpression of ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters often leads to the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) and results in a suboptimal response to chemotherapy. Previously, we reported that lapatinib (GW572016), a human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and HER-2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), significantly reverses MDR in cancer cells by blocking the efflux function of ABC subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1) and ABC subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2). In the present study, we conducted in vitro experiments to evaluate if GW583340 and GW2974, structural analogues of lapatinib, could reverse ABCB1- and ABCG2-mediated MDR. Our results showed that GW583340 and GW2974 significantly sensitized ABCB1 and ABCG2 overexpressing MDR cells to their anticancer substrates. GW583340 and GW2974 significantly increased the intracellular accumulation of [(3)H]-paclitaxel in ABCB1 overexpressing cells and [(3)H]-mitoxantrone in ABCG2 overexpressing cells respectively. In addition, GW583340 and GW2974 significantly inhibited ABCG2-mediated transport of methotrexate in ABCG2 overexpressing membrane vesicles. There was no significant change in the expression levels of ABCB1 and ABCG2 in the cell lines exposed to 5?M of either GW583340 or GW2974 for 3 days. In addition, a docking model predicted the binding conformation of GW583340 and GW2974 to be within the transmembrane region of homology modeled human ABCB1 and ABCG2. We conclude that GW583340 and GW2974, at clinically achievable plasma concentrations, reverse ABCB1- and ABCG2-mediated MDR by blocking the drug efflux function of these transporters. These findings may be useful in developing combination therapy for cancer treatment with EGFR TKIs.
Project description:Overexpression of ABC transporters in cancer cells is an underlying mechanism of multidrug resistance (MDR), leading to insensitive response to chemotherapeutic strategies. Thus, MDR is often results in treatment failure in the clinic. In this study, we found midostaurin, a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved anti-leukemia drug, can antagonize ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1)-mediated MDR. Our results indicated that midostaurin has the capacity to antagonize ABCB1-mediated MDR, while no significant reversal effect was found on ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2)-mediated MDR. Our subsequent resistance mechanism studies showed that midostaurin directly inhibited the efflux function of the ABCB1 transporter without alteration of the expression level or the subcellular localization of ABCB1 transporter. In addition, midostaurin inhibited the ATPase activity of ABCB1 transporter in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, our in silico docking study predicted that midostaurin could interact with the substrate-binding sites of ABCB1 transporter. This novel finding could provide a promising treatment strategy that co-administrating midostaurin with anticancer drugs in the clinic could overcome MDR and improve the efficiency of cancer treatment.