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12-month trajectories of depressive symptoms among nurses-Contribution of personality, job characteristics, coping, and burnout.


ABSTRACT: Job related factors have been associated with higher risk for developing depression, but past studies lacked full consideration of individual factors such as personality and coping. We sought to evaluate associations of personality, coping, job characteristics, and burnout with 12-month trajectories of depressive symptoms among nursing workers.Cohort of nursing workers (N?=?281) in a private hospital system, with baseline assessments of personality, job characteristics, and coping. Burnout and depression were measured at baseline and during monthly follow-ups. Linear mixed modeling was used to examine contributions to between- and within-individual variation in monthly depressive symptoms.Personality trait of negative affectivity accounted for 36% of between-individual variation in depressive symptoms over 12 months, while job characteristics and coping explained an additional 5% and 8% of this variation, respectively. Exhaustion dimension of burnout was associated with between-individual variation in depressive symptoms (fixed effect ? coefficient 2.44, p?

SUBMITTER: Duan-Porter W 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6087547 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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