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The clinical spectrum and genetic variability of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy in a cohort of Chinese patients.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) is a commonly diagnosed hereditary muscular disorder, characterized by the progressive weakness of the limb-girdle muscles. Although the condition has been well-characterized, clinical and genetic heterogeneity can be observed in patients with LGMD. Here, we aimed to describe the clinical manifestations and genetic variability among a cohort of patients with LGMD in South China. RESULTS:We analyzed the clinical information, muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and genetic results obtained from 30 patients (24 families) with clinically suspected LGMD. In 24 probands, 38 variants were found in total, of which 18 were shown to be novel. Among the 30 patients, the most common subtypes were dysferlinopathy in eight (26.67%), sarcoglycanopathies in eight [26.67%; LGMD 2C in three (10.00%), LGMD 2D in three (10.00%), and LGMD 2F in two (6.67%)], LGMD 2A in seven (23.33%), followed by LGMD 1B in three (10.00%), LGMD 2I in three (10.00%), and early onset recessive Emery-Dreifuss-like phenotype without cardiomyopathy in one (3.33%). Furthermore, we also observed novel clinical presentations for LGMD 1B, 2F, and 2I patients with hypermobility of the joints in the upper limbs, a LGMD 2F patient with delayed language development, and other manifestations. Moreover, distinct distributions of fatty infiltration in patients with LGMD 2A, dysferlinopathy, and the early onset recessive Emery-Dreifuss-like phenotype without cardiomyopathy were also observed based on muscle MRI results. CONCLUSIONS:In this study, we expanded the clinical spectrum and genetic variability found in patients with LGMD, which provided additional insights into genotype and phenotype correlations in this disease.

SUBMITTER: Wang L 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6092860 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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