Galvanic Displacement Synthesis of Monodisperse Janus- and Satellite-Like Plasmonic-Magnetic Ag-Fe@Fe3O4 Heterostructures with Reduced Cytotoxicity.
ABSTRACT: The unique physicochemical properties of silver nanoparticles offer a large potential for biomedical application, however, the serious biotoxicity restricts their usage. Herein, nanogalvanic couple Ag-Fe@Fe3O4 heterostructures (AFHs) are designed to prevent Ag+ release from the cathodic Ag by sacrificial anodic Fe, which can reduce the cytotoxicity of Ag. AFHs are synthesized with modified galvanic displacement strategy in nonaqueous solution. To eliminate the restriction of lattice mismatch between Fe and Ag, amorphous Fe@Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) are selected as seeds, meanwhile, reductive Fe can reduce Ag precursor directly even at as low as 20 °C without additional reductant. The thickness of the Fe3O4 shell can influence the amorphous properties of AFHs, and a series of Janus- and satellite-like AFHs are synthesized. A "cut-off thickness" effect is proposed based on the abnormal phenomenon that with the increase of reaction temperature, the diameter of Ag in AFHs decreases. Because of the interphase interaction and the coupling effect of Ag and Fe@Fe3O4, the AFHs exhibit unique optical and magnetic properties. This strategy for synthesis of monodisperse heterostructures can be extended for other metals, such as Au and Cu.
Project description:A temperature pause introduced in a simple single-step thermal decomposition of iron, with the presence of silver seeds formed in the same reaction mixture, gives rise to novel compact heterostructures: brick-like Ag@Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticles. This novel method is relatively easy to implement, and could contribute to overcome the challenge of obtaining a multifunctional heteroparticle in which a noble metal is surrounded by magnetite. Structural analyses of the samples show 4 nm silver nanoparticles wrapped within compact cubic external structures of Fe oxide, with curious rectangular shape. The magnetic properties indicate a near superparamagnetic like behavior with a weak hysteresis at room temperature. The value of the anisotropy involved makes these particles candidates to potential applications in nanomedicine.
Project description:The ternary nanocomposites Fe3O4/Ag/polyoxometalates (Fe3O4/Ag/POMs) with core-shell-core nanostructure were synthesized by coating [Cu(C6H6N2O)2(H2O)]H2[Cu(C6H6N2O)2(P2Mo5O23)]·4H2O polyoxometalates on the surface of Fe3O4/Ag (core-shell) nanoparticles. The transmission electron microscopy/high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analyses show that the Fe3O4/Ag/POMs ternary nanocomposites reveal a core-shell-core nanostructure, good dispersibility, and high crystallinity. The vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and physical property measurement system (PPMS) demonstrated the good magnetic properties and superparamagnetic behavior of the nanocomposites at 300 K. The UV-vis spectroscopy displayed the broadband absorption of the Fe3O4/Ag/POMs with the maximum surface plasmon resonance of Ag nanostructure around 420 nm. The dye removal capacity of Fe3O4/Ag/POMs was investigated using methylene blue (MB) as a probe. Through adsorption and photocatalysis, the nanocomposites could quickly remove MB with a removal efficiency of 98.7% under the irradiation of visible light at room temperature. The removal efficiency was still as high as 97.5% even after six runs by magnetic separation of photocatalytic adsorbents after processing, indicating the reusability and high stability of the nanocomposites. These Fe3O4/Ag/POMs photocatalytic adsorbents with magnetic properties will hopefully become a functional material for wastewater treatment in the future.
Project description:Solvent-less synthesis of nanostructures is highly significant due to its economical, eco-friendly and industrially viable nature. Here we report a solid state synthetic approach for the fabrication of Fe3O4@M (where M = Au, Ag and Au-Ag alloy) core-shell nanostructures in nearly quantitative yields that involves a simple physical grinding of a metal precursor over Fe3O4 core, followed by calcination. The process involves smooth coating of low melting hybrid organic-inorganic precursor over the Fe3O4 core, which in turn facilitates a continuous shell layer post thermolysis. The obtained core-shell nanostructures are characterized using, XRD, XPS, ED-XRF, FE-SEM and HR-TEM for their phase, chemical state, elemental composition, surface morphology, and shell thickness, respectively. Homogeneous and continuous coating of the metal shell layer over a large area of the sample is ascertained by SAXS and STEM analyses. The synthesized catalysts have been studied for their applicability towards a model catalytic hydrogen generation from NH3BH3 and NaBH4 as hydrogen sources. The catalytic efficacy of the Fe3O4@Ag and Ag rich alloy shell materials are found to be superior to the corresponding Au counterparts. The saturation magnetization studies reveal the potential of the core-shell nanostructured catalysts to be magnetically recoverable and recyclable.
Project description:Fe3O4 and Fe nanowires are successfully fabricated by electrospinning method and reduction process. Wiry microstructures were achieved with the phase transformation from α-Fe2O3 to Fe3O4 and Fe by partial and full reduction, while still preserving the wire morphology. The diameters of the Fe3O4 and Fe nanowires are approximately 50-60 nm and 30-40 nm, respectively. The investigation of microwave absorption reveals that the Fe3O4 nanowires exhibit excellent microwave absorbing properties. For paraffin-based composite containing 50% weight concentration of Fe3O4 nanowires, the minimum reflection loss reaches -17.2 dB at 6.2 GHz with the matching thickness of 5.5 mm. Furthermore, the calculation shows that the modulus of the ratio between the complex permittivity and permeability |ε/μ| is far away from unity at the minimum reflection loss point, which is quite different from the traditional opinions.
Project description:Among the number of hyperthermia materials, magnetic nanoparticles have received much attention. In this work, we studied the heating characteristics of uniform Fe@Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticle under near-infrared laser irradiation and external AC magnetic field applying. The Fe@Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticles were prepared by thermal decomposition of iron pentacarbonyl and followed by controlled oxidation. The prepared uniform particles were further coated with dimercaptosuccinic acid to make them well dispersed in water. Near-infrared derived photothermal study of solutions containing a different concentration of the core-shell nanoparticles was made by using 808 nm laser Source. Additionally, magnetic hyperthermia ability of the Fe@Fe3O4 nanoparticle at 150 kHz and various oersted (140-180 Oe) condition was systemically characterized. The Fe@Fe3O4 nanoparticles which exhibited effective photo and magnetic hyperthermia are expected to be used in biomedical application.
Project description:Herein, a ternary nanocomposite with TiO2 nanoparticles anchored on reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-encapsulated Fe3O4 spheres (Fe3O4@rGO@TiO2) is presented as a high efficient heterogeneous catalyst for photo-Fenton degradation of recalcitrant pollutants under neutral pH. Fe3O4@rGO@TiO2 was synthesized by depositing TiO2 nanoparticles on the surface of the Fe3O4 spheres wrapped by graphene oxide (GO) which was obtained by an electrostatic layer-by-layer method. This as-prepared catalyst reflected good ferromagnetism and superior stability which makes it convenient to be separated and recycled. Due to the synergic effects between the different components composed the catalyst, swift reduction of Fe(3+) can be achieved to regenerate Fe(2+). Fe3O4@rGO@TiO2 exhibited enhancing catalytic activity for the degradation of azo-dyes compared with Fe3O4, Fe3O4@SiO2@TiO2 or SiO2@rGO@TiO2, further conforming the rapid redox reaction between Fe(2+) and Fe(3+). All these merits indicate that the composite catalyst possesses great potential for visible-light driven destruction of organic compounds.
Project description:Pt-decorated Ag@Cu2O heterostructures were successfully synthesized using a simple and convenient method. The Pt nanoparticle density on the Ag@Cu2O can be controlled by changing the concentration of the Pt precursor. The synthesized Ag@Cu2O-Pt nanoparticles exhibited excellent catalytic performance, which was greatly affected by changes in the Ag@Cu2O-Pt structure. To optimize the material's properties, the synthesized Ag@Cu2O-Pt nanoparticles were used to catalyze toxic pollutants and methyl orange (MO), and nontoxic products were obtained by catalytic reduction. The Pt-decorated Ag@Cu2O nanoparticles showed excellent catalytic activity, which significantly decreased the pollutant concentration when the nanoparticles were used for catalytic reduction. The redistribution of charge transfer is the nanoparticles' main contribution to the catalytic degradation of an organic pollutant. This Pt-decorated Ag@Cu2O material has unique optical and structural characteristics that make it suitable for photocatalysis, local surface plasmon resonance, and peroxide catalysis.
Project description:We investigated the structural, optical, and electrical properties of amorphous IGZO/silver/amorphous IGZO (α-IGZO/Ag/α-IGZO) triple-layer structures that were deposited at room temperature on Eagle XG glass and flexible polyethylene terephthalate substrates through the sputtering method. Thin Ag layers with different thicknesses were inserted between two IGZO layers to form a triple-layer structure. Ag was used because of its lower absorption and resistivity. Field emission scanning electron microscopy measurements of the triple-layer structures revealed that the thicknesses of the Ag layers ranged from 13 to 41 nm. The thickness of the Ag layer had a large effect on the electrical and optical properties of the electrodes. The optimum thickness of the Ag metal thin film could be evaluated according to the optical transmittance, electrical conductivity, and figure of merit of the electrode. This study demonstrates that the α-IGZO/Ag/α-IGZO triple-layer transparent electrode can be fabricated with low sheet resistance (4.2 Ω/□) and high optical transmittance (88.1%) at room temperature without postannealing processing on the deposited thin films.
Project description:Ag, Pt, and Rh monometallic colloids were produced via laser ablation. Separate Ag-Rh and Ag-Pt heterostructures were formed by mixing and resulted in groupings of Rh/Pt nanoparticles adsorbing to the concavities of the larger Ag nanostructures. The 400 nm Ag plasmonic absorption peak was slightly blue-shifted for Ag-Pt and red-shifted for Ag-Rh heterostructures. Catalytic activity for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol increased significantly for Ag-Pt and Ag-Rh compared to the monometallic constituents, and persisted at lower loading ratios and consecutive reduction cycles. The enhancement is attributed to the Rh and Pt nanoparticles forming antenna-reactor-type plasmonic catalysts with the Ag nanostructures.
Project description:Antibacterial agents with enzyme-like properties and bacteria-binding ability have provided an alternative method to efficiently disinfect drug-resistance microorganism. Herein, a Fe3O4@MoS2-Ag nanozyme with defect-rich rough surface was constructed by a simple hydrothermal method and in-situ photodeposition of Ag nanoparticles. The nanozyme exhibited good antibacterial performance against E. coli (~69.4%) by the generated ROS and released Ag+, while the nanozyme could further achieve an excellent synergistic disinfection (~100%) by combining with the near-infrared photothermal property of Fe3O4@MoS2-Ag. The antibacterial mechanism study showed that the antibacterial process was determined by the collaborative work of peroxidase-like activity, photothermal effect and leakage of Ag+. The defect-rich rough surface of MoS2 layers facilitated the capture of bacteria, which enhanced the accurate and rapid attack of •OH and Ag+ to the membrane of E. coli with the assistance of local hyperthermia. This method showed broad-spectrum antibacterial performance against Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, drug-resistant bacteria and fungal bacteria. Meanwhile, the magnetism of Fe3O4 was used to recycle the nanozyme. This work showed great potential of engineered nanozymes for efficient disinfection treatment.