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Impact of gram negative bacteria airway recolonization on the occurrence of chronic lung allograft dysfunction after lung transplantation in a population of cystic fibrosis patients.

ABSTRACT: Chronic Lung Allograft Dysfunction (CLAD) is the main cause of morbidity and mortality after the first year following lung transplantation (LTx). Risk factors of CLAD have been extensively studied, but the association between gram-negative bacteria (GNB) bronchial colonization and the development of CLAD is controversial. The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between post-transplant recolonization with the same species or de-novo colonization with a new GNB species and CLAD. The same analysis was performed on a sub-group of patients at the strain level using Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry technique.Forty adult cystic fibrosis (CF) patients who underwent a first bilateral LTx in the University Hospital of Marseille, between January 2010 and December 2014, were included in the study. Patients with GNB de-novo colonization had a higher risk of developing CLAD (OR?=?6.72, p?=?0.04) and a lower rate of CLAD-free survival (p?=?0.005) compared to patients with GNB recolonization. No conclusion could be drawn from the subgroup MALDI-TOF MS analysis at the strain level.Post-LTx GNB airway recolonization seems to be a protective factor against CLAD, whereas de-novo colonization with a new species of GNB seems to be a risk factor for CLAD.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6102836 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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