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Clinical significance of radiological pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis pattern in interstitial lung disease patients registered for lung transplantation: a retrospective cohort study.

ABSTRACT: Radiological pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) lesion is characterized by pleural thickening with associated signs of subpleural fibrosis on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). This study evaluated the clinical significance of radiological PPFE as an isolated finding or associated with other interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) in patients having fibrotic ILDs and registered for cadaveric lung transplantation (LT).This retrospective study included 118 fibrotic ILD patients registered for LT. Radiological PPFE on HRCT was assessed. The impact of radiological PPFE on clinical features and transplantation-censored survival were evaluated.Radiological PPFE was observed in 30/118 cases (25%): definite PPFE (PPFE concentrated in the upper lobes, with involvement of lower lobes being less marked) in 12 (10%) and consistent PPFE (PPFE not concentrated in the upper lobes, or PPFE with features of coexistent disease present elsewhere) in 18 (15%). Of these, 12 had late-onset non-infectious pulmonary complications after hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation and/or chemotherapy (LONIPCs), 9 idiopathic PPFE, and 9 other fibrotic ILDs (idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, IPF; other idiopathic interstitial pneumonias, other IIPs; connective tissue disease-associated ILD, CTD-ILD, and hypersensitivity pneumonia, HP). Radiological PPFE was associated with previous history of pneumothorax, lower body mass index, lower percentage of predicted forced vital capacity (%FVC), higher percentage of predicted diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide, less desaturation on six-minute walk test, and hypercapnia. The median survival time of all study cases was 449 days. Thirty-seven (28%) received LTs: cadaveric in 31 and living-donor lobar in six. Of 93 patients who did not receive LT, 66 (71%) died. Radiological PPFE was marginally associated with better survival after adjustment for age, sex, %FVC, and six-minute walk distance

SUBMITTER: Tanizawa K 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6117972 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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