Dataset Information


Sills and gas generation in the Siberian Traps.

ABSTRACT: On its way to the surface, the Siberian Traps magma created a complex sub-volcanic plumbing system. This resulted in a large-scale sill emplacement within the Tunguska Basin and subsequent release of sediment-derived volatiles during contact metamorphism. The distribution of sills and the released sediment-stored gas volume is, however, poorly constrained. In this paper, results from a study of nearly 300 deep boreholes intersecting sills are presented. The results show that sills with thicknesses above 100?m are abundant throughout the upper part of the sedimentary succession. A high proportion of the sills was emplaced within the Cambrian evaporites with average thicknesses in the 115-130?m range and a maximum thickness of 428?m. Thermal modelling of the cooling of the sills shows that the contact metamorphic aureoles are capable of generating 52-80 tonnes of CO2?m-2 with contributions from both marine and terrestrial carbon. When up-scaling these borehole results, an area of 12-19?000?km2 is required to generate 1000?Gt?CO2 This represents only 0.7-1.2% of the total area in the Tunguska Basin affected by sills, emphasizing the importance of metamorphic gas generation in the Siberian Traps. These results strengthen the hypothesis of a sub-volcanic trigger and driver for the environmental perturbations during the End-Permian crisis.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue 'Hyperthermals: rapid and extreme global warming in our geological past'.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6127383 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

1000-01-01 | S-EPMC4643808 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5338007 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6904769 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5425183 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6395724 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5537227 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5843639 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6794353 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5760721 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7608812 | BioStudies