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Transcriptome Analysis of Gossypium hirsutum L. Reveals Different Mechanisms among NaCl, NaOH and Na2CO3 Stress Tolerance.


ABSTRACT: As an important source of fiber and edible oil, cotton has great economic value. In comparison to their individual studies, association and differentiation between salt and alkaline tolerance has not been focused yet by scientists. We have used next-generation RNA-Seq technique to analyze transcriptional changes under salt and alkaline stresses in cotton. Overall, 25,929 and 6,564 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in roots and leaves, respectively. Gene functional annotation showed that genes involving ionic homeostasis were significantly up-regulated under NaCl stress and Na2CO3 stress, and genes enriched in starch and sucrose metabolism were up-regulated under NaOH stress and Na2CO3 stress. Furthermore, a synergistic enhancing effect between NaCl and NaOH stress was also observed in this study. Likewise, our studies indicate further that genes related with starch and sucrose metabolism were regulated to respond to the high pH under Na2CO3 stress, inducing plant hormone signal transduction and key enzyme reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity to respond to ionic toxicity and intracellular ionic homeostasis. By analyzing the expression profiles of diverse tissues under different salt and alkaline stresses, this study provides valuable ideas for genetic improvements of cotton tolerance to salt-alkaline stress.

SUBMITTER: Zhang B 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6131252 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GO:0004722

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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