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Severe hepatic abscess: Conservative treatment of multi-organ infection by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. A case report.


ABSTRACT:

Introduction

Stenotrophomonas Malthophilia (SM) is generally considered a nosocomial pathogen but it has also been reported as a cause of community-acquired systemic infection. We reported a rare case of SM multi-organ infection involving the liver and the left ocular region.

Presentation of the case

A 64 years old man presented with fever for 4 days and acute blindness of the left eye. We performed an abdomen and head CT scan that identified respectively a liver lesion in central region, likely a hepatic abscess, and inflammation process involving the left eye. After 5 days of antibiotic therapy, no improvement of the clinical condition was noted. A CT guided drainage of the hepatic abscess was performed. SM was identified in the content of the drain and selected antibiotic therapy with combination of tygecycline and TMP-SMX was immediately initiated.After 15 days of the selected therapy, the hepatic abscess and the left eye infection were completely resolved but unfortunately the patient reported permanent blindness.

Discussion

Several studies identified most of the SM infections as nosocomial, however that can be excluded in this case because the patient presented signs of severe systemic infection 72 h before the hospitalization. The conservative treatment, with a combination of CT guided drainage and selected antibiotic therapy, gave good results.

Conclusion

Although SM is thought to be a nosocomial pathogen, it can be involved in severe systemic sepsis affecting different organs outside the hospital setting. Fortunately, the combination of tigecycline with TMP-SMX seems to be the best therapeutic option.

SUBMITTER: Inviati A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6143753 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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