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Distribution patterns and variation analysis of simple sequence repeats in different genomic regions of bovid genomes.


ABSTRACT: As the first examination of distribution, guanine-cytosine (GC) pattern, and variation analysis of microsatellites (SSRs) in different genomic regions of six bovid species, SSRs displayed nonrandomly distribution in different regions. SSR abundances are much higher in the introns, transposable elements (TEs), and intergenic regions compared to the 3'-untranslated regions (3'UTRs), 5'UTRs and coding regions. Trinucleotide perfect SSRs (P-SSRs) were the most frequent in the coding regions, whereas, mononucleotide P-SSRs were the most in the introns, 3'UTRs, TEs, and intergenic regions. Trifold P-SSRs had more GC-contents in the 5'UTRs and coding regions than that in the introns, 3'UTRs, TEs, and intergenic regions, whereas mononucleotide P-SSRs had the least GC-contents in all genomic regions. The repeat copy numbers (RCN) of the same mono- to hexanucleotide P-SSRs showed significantly different distributions in different regions (P??tri-?>?tetra-?>?penta-?>?hexanucleotide P-SSRs in the same regions. The analysis of coefficient of variability (CV) of SSRs showed that the CV variations of RCN of the same mono- to hexanucleotide SSRs were relative higher in the intronic and intergenic regions, followed by the CV variation of RCN in the TEs, and the relative lower was in the 5'UTRs, 3'UTRs, and coding regions. Wide SSR analysis of different genomic regions has helped to reveal biological significances of their distributions.

SUBMITTER: Qi WH 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6158176 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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