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Origin recognition is the predominant role for DnaA-ATP in initiation of chromosome replication.


ABSTRACT: In all cells, initiation of chromosome replication depends on the activity of AAA+ initiator proteins that form complexes with replication origin DNA. In bacteria, the conserved, adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-regulated initiator protein, DnaA, forms a complex with the origin, oriC, that mediates DNA strand separation and recruitment of replication machinery. Complex assembly and origin activation requires DnaA-ATP, which differs from DnaA-ADP in its ability to cooperatively bind specific low affinity sites and also to oligomerize into helical filaments. The degree to which each of these activities contributes to the DnaA-ATP requirement for initiation is not known. In this study, we compared the DnaA-ATP dependence of initiation from wild-type Escherichia coli oriC and a synthetic origin (oriCallADP), whose multiple low affinity DnaA sites bind DnaA-ATP and DnaA-ADP similarly. OriCallADP was fully occupied and unwound by DnaA-ADP in vitro, and, in vivo, oriCallADP suppressed lethality of DnaA mutants defective in ATP binding and ATP-specific oligomerization. However, loss of preferential DnaA-ATP binding caused over-initiation and increased sensitivity to replicative stress. The findings indicate both DnaA-ATP and DnaA-ADP can perform most of the mechanical functions needed for origin activation, and suggest that a key reason for ATP-regulation of DnaA is to control replication initiation frequency.

SUBMITTER: Grimwade JE 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6158602 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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