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Oligonucleotide-mediated tRNA sequestration enables one-pot sense codon reassignment in vitro.


ABSTRACT: Sense codon reassignment to unnatural amino acids (uAAs) represents a powerful approach for introducing novel properties into polypeptides. The main obstacle to this approach is competition between the native isoacceptor tRNA(s) and orthogonal tRNA(s) for the reassigned codon. While several chromatographic and enzymatic procedures for selective deactivation of tRNA isoacceptors in cell-free translation systems exist, they are complex and not scalable. We designed a set of tRNA antisense oligonucleotides composed of either deoxy-, ribo- or 2'-O-methyl ribonucleotides and tested their ability to efficiently complex tRNAs of choice. Methylated oligonucleotides targeting sequence between the anticodon and variable loop of tRNASerGCU displayed subnanomolar binding affinity with slow dissociation kinetics. Such oligonucleotides efficiently and selectively sequestered native tRNASerGCU directly in translation-competent Escherichia coli S30 lysate, thereby, abrogating its translational activity and liberating the AGU/AGC codons. Expression of eGFP protein from the template harboring a single reassignable AGU codon in tRNASerGCU-depleted E. coli lysate allowed its homogeneous modification with n-propargyl-l-lysine or p-azido-l-phenylalanine. The strategy developed here is generic, as demonstrated by sequestration of tRNAArgCCU isoacceptor in E. coli translation system. Furthermore, this method is likely to be species-independent and was successfully applied to the eukaryotic Leishmania tarentolae in vitro translation system. This approach represents a new direction in genetic code reassignment with numerous practical applications.

SUBMITTER: Cui Z 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6158751 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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