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Hepatitis C virus genetic diversity by geographic region within genotype 1-6 subtypes among patients treated with glecaprevir and pibrentasvir.


ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is genetically diverse and includes 7 genotypes and 67 confirmed subtypes, and the global distribution of each HCV genotype (GT) varies by geographic region. In this report, we utilized a large dataset of NS3/4A and NS5A sequences isolated from 2348 HCV GT1-6-infected patients treated with the regimen containing glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (GLE/PIB) to assess genetic diversity within HCV subtypes by geographic region using phylogenetic analyses, and evaluated the prevalence of baseline amino acid polymorphisms in NS3 and NS5A by region/country and phylogenetic cluster. Among 2348 NS3/4A and NS5A sequences, phylogenetic analysis identified 6 genotypes and 44 subtypes, including 3 GT1, 8 GT2, 3 GT3, 13 GT4, 1 GT5, and 16 GT6 subtypes. Phylogenetic analysis of HCV subtype 1a confirmed the presence of two clades, which differed by geographic region distribution and NS3 Q80K prevalence. We detected phylogenetic clustering by country in HCV subtypes 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, and 5a, suggesting that genetically distinct virus lineages are circulating in different countries. In addition, two clades were detected in HCV GT4a and GT6e, and NS5A amino acid polymorphisms were differentially distributed between the 2 clades in each subtype. The prevalence of NS3 and NS5A baseline polymorphisms varied substantially by genotype and subtype; therefore, we also determined the activity of GLE or PIB against replicons containing NS3/4A or NS5A from HCV GT1-6 clinical samples representing 6 genotypes and 21 subtypes overall. GLE and PIB retained activity against the majority of HCV replicons containing NS3/4A or NS5A from HCV GT1-6 clinical samples, with a median EC50 of 0.29 nM for GLE and 1.1 pM for PIB in a transient replicon assay. The data presented in this report expands the available data on HCV epidemiology, subtype diversity by geographic region, and NS3 and NS5A baseline polymorphism prevalence.

SUBMITTER: Schnell G 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6171933 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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