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Sycrp2 Is Essential for Twitching Motility in the Cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. Strain PCC 6803.

ABSTRACT: Two cAMP receptor proteins (CRPs), Sycrp1 (encoded by sll1371) and Sycrp2 (encoded by sll1924), exist in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803. Previous studies have demonstrated that Sycrp1 has binding affinity for cAMP and is involved in motility by regulating the formation of pili. However, the function of Sycrp2 remains unknown. Here, we report that sycrp2 disruption results in the loss of motility of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, and that the phenotype can be recovered by reintroducing the sycrp2 gene into the genome of sycrp2-disrupted mutants. Electron microscopy showed that the sycrp2-disrupted mutant lost the pilus apparatus on the cell surface, resulting in a lack of cell motility. Furthermore, the transcript level of the pilA9-pilA11 operon (essential for cell motility and regulated by the cAMP receptor protein Sycrp1) was markedly decreased in sycrp2-disrupted mutants compared with the wild-type strain. Moreover, yeast two-hybrid analysis and a pulldown assay demonstrated that Sycrp2 interacted with Sycrp1 to form a heterodimer and that Sycrp1 and Sycrp2 interacted with themselves to form homodimers. Gel mobility shift assays revealed that Sycrp1 specifically binds to the upstream region of pilA9 Together, these findings indicate that in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, Sycrp2 regulates the formation of pili and cell motility by interacting with Sycrp1.IMPORTANCE cAMP receptor proteins (CRPs) are widely distributed in cyanobacteria and play important roles in regulating gene expression. Although many cyanobacterial species have two cAMP receptor-like proteins, the functional links between them are unknown. Here, we found that Sycrp2 in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 is essential for twitching motility and that it interacts with Sycrp1, a known cAMP receptor protein involved with twitching motility. Our findings indicate that the two cAMP receptor-like proteins in cyanobacteria do not have functional redundancy but rather work together.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6182243 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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