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Fine mapping of the major bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis susceptibility locus in mice.

ABSTRACT: Susceptibility to fibrotic lung disease differs among people and among inbred strains of mice exposed to bleomycin where C57BL/6J mice are susceptible and C3H/HeJ mice are spared fibrotic disease. Genetic mapping studies completed in offspring derived from these inbred strains revealed the inheritance of C57BL/6J alleles at loci, including the major locus on chromosome 17, called Blmpf1 bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis 1, to be linked to pulmonary fibrosis in treated mice. In the present study, to reduce the interval of Blmpf1, we bred and phenotyped a panel of subcongenic mice with C3H/HeJ alleles in a C57BL/6J background. Subcongenic mice received bleomycin via osmotic minipump and the fibrosis phenotype was measured histologically. Inheritance of C3H/HeJ alleles from 34.31 to 35.02 Mb was revealed to spare bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis of C57BL/6J mice. From database analysis, 40 protein coding genes have been mapped to this reduced Blmpf1 interval, 18 of which contain C57BL/6J:C3H/HeJ sequence polymorphisms predicted to affect protein structure or to confer allele-dependent expression, and by RT-PCR analysis of lung tissue, we show 6 of these genes to differ in expression between C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ mice. Genes known to regulate T cell numbers and activation (Btnl family, Notch4) are among the limited list of potential causal variants leading to lung disease in this model and the bronchoalveolar lavage of protected subcongenic mice had fewer lymphocytes, post bleomycin, than did C57BL/6J mice. We conclude that Blmpf1genes contributing to the susceptibility to bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis could alter the adaptive immune response of C57BL/6J mice.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6182746 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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