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Features in Microfluidic Paper-Based Devices Made by Laser Cutting: How Small Can They Be?


ABSTRACT: In this paper, we determine the smallest feature size that enables fluid flow in microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (µPADs) fabricated by laser cutting. The smallest feature sizes fabricated from five commercially available paper types: Whatman filter paper grade 50 (FP-50), Whatman 3MM Chr chromatography paper (3MM Chr), Whatman 1 Chr chromatography paper (1 Chr), Whatman regenerated cellulose membrane 55 (RC-55) and Amershan Protran 0.45 nitrocellulose membrane (NC), were 139 ± 8 µm, 130 ± 11 µm, 103 ± 12 µm, 45 ± 6 µm, and 24 ± 3 µm, respectively, as determined experimentally by successful fluid flow. We found that the fiber width of the paper correlates with the smallest feature size that has the capacity for fluid flow. We also investigated the flow speed of Allura red dye solution through small-scale channels fabricated from different paper types. We found that the flow speed is significantly slower through microscale features and confirmed the similar trends that were reported previously for millimeter-scale channels, namely that wider channels enable quicker flow speed.

SUBMITTER: Mahmud MA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6187457 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 024119

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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