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Reduced Annexin A1 Secretion by ABCA1 Causes Retinal Inflammation and Ganglion Cell Apoptosis in a Murine Glaucoma Model.

ABSTRACT: Variants near the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) gene are associated with elevated intraocular pressure and newly discovered risk factors for glaucoma. Previous studies have shown an association between ABCA1 deficiency and retinal inflammation. Using a mouse model of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) induced by acute intraocular pressure elevation, we found that the retinal expression of ABCA1 protein was decreased. An induction of ABCA1 expression by liver X receptor agonist TO901317 reduced retinal ganglion cell (RGC) apoptosis after IR and promoted membrane translocation and secretion of the anti-inflammatory factor annexin A1 (ANXA1). Moreover, ABCA1 and ANXA1 co-localized in cell membranes, and the interaction domain is amino acid 196 to 274 of ANXA1 fragment. TO901317 also reduced microglia migration and activation and decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-1?, which could be reversed by the ANXA1 receptor blocker Boc2. Overexpression of TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) increased ABCA1 degradation, which was reversed by the proteasome inhibitor carbobenzoxy-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucinal (MG132). Silencing Tbk1 with siRNA increased ABCA1 expression and promoted ANXA1 membrane translocation. These results indicate a novel IR mechanism, that leads via TBK1 activation to ABCA1 ubiquitination. This degradation decreases ANXA1 secretion, thus facilitating retinal inflammation and RGC apoptosis. Our findings suggest a potential treatment strategy to prevent RGC apoptosis in retinal ischemia and glaucoma.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6193130 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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