Dataset Information


Feedback regulation of Caulobacter crescentus holdfast synthesis by flagellum assembly via the holdfast inhibitor HfiA.

ABSTRACT: To permanently attach to surfaces, Caulobacter crescentusproduces a strong adhesive, the holdfast. The timing of holdfast synthesis is developmentally regulated by cell cycle cues. When C. crescentusis grown in a complex medium, holdfast synthesis can also be stimulated by surface sensing, in which swarmer cells rapidly synthesize holdfast in direct response to surface contact. In contrast to growth in complex medium, here we show that when cells are grown in a defined medium, surface contact does not trigger holdfast synthesis. Moreover, we show that in a defined medium, flagellum synthesis and regulation of holdfast production are linked. In these conditions, mutants lacking a flagellum attach to surfaces over time more efficiently than either wild-type strains or strains harboring a paralyzed flagellum. Enhanced adhesion in mutants lacking flagellar components is due to premature holdfast synthesis during the cell cycle and is regulated by the holdfast synthesis inhibitor HfiA. hfiA transcription is reduced in flagellar mutants and this reduction is modulated by the diguanylate cyclase developmental regulator PleD. We also show that, in contrast to previous predictions, flagella are not necessarily required for C. crescentus surface sensing in the absence of flow, and that arrest of flagellar rotation does not stimulate holdfast synthesis. Rather, our data support a model in which flagellum assembly feeds back to control holdfast synthesis via HfiA expression in a c-di-GMP-dependent manner under defined nutrient conditions.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6195837 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

| S-EPMC2908716 | BioStudies
2008-01-01 | S-EPMC2580695 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC5763047 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6707917 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3740972 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6331620 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC206144 | BioStudies
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC5514688 | BioStudies
| S-EPMC3926197 | BioStudies
1999-01-01 | S-EPMC93487 | BioStudies