LMO1 Gene Polymorphisms Reduce Neuroblastoma Risk in Eastern Chinese Children: A Three-Center Case-Control Study.
ABSTRACT: Background: Neuroblastoma, a neuroendocrine tumor, stems from the developing sympathetic nervous system. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have discovered a number of neuroblastoma susceptibility genes in Caucasians including LIM domain only 1 (LMO1). Objective: We conducted a three-center case-control study including 313 cases and 716 controls with the purpose to evaluate the association between five GWAS-identified LMO1 variants (rs110419 A>G, rs4758051 G>A, rs10840002 A>G, rs204938 A>G, and rs2168101 G>T) and neuroblastoma susceptibility in eastern Chinese children. Methods: Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the strength of the associations. False positive report possibility (FPRP) analysis was performed to check whether significant results were noteworthy. Results: Significant associations with neuroblastoma risk were found for four (rs110419, rs4758051, rs10840002, and rs2168101) out of the five polymorphisms. Combined analysis demonstrated that carriers of 4-5 protective genotypes had a significantly decreased risk of neuroblastoma in comparison those with 0-3 protective genotypes (adjusted OR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.39-0.68, P < 0.0001). Haplotype analysis of the five SNPs yield four significant haplotypes associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility. Conclusion: In conclusion, we confirmed LMO1 polymorphisms may reduce neuroblastoma risk in eastern Chinese populations.
Project description:Previous genome-wide association and validation studies suggest that LIM domain only 1 (LMO1) gene polymorphisms affect neuroblastoma susceptibility. In this work, we used Taqman methodology to genotype four LMO1 polymorphisms (rs110419 A > G, rs4758051 G > A, rs10840002 A > G and rs204938 A > G) in 118 neuroblastoma cases and 281 controls from Northern China. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to evaluate the association. We found that rs4758051 G > A was associated with a decreased neuroblastoma risk (AA vs. GG: adjusted OR = 0.28, 95% CI = 0.13-0.62; AG/AA vs. GG: adjusted OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.40-0.97; AA vs. GG/AG: adjusted OR = 0.33, 95% CI = 0.15-0.69). Likewise, carrying the rs10840002 G allele was also associated with a decreased neuroblastoma risk in this Northern Chinese population. In a combination analysis using Southern and Northern Chinese populations, we found that those carrying the rs110419 G, rs4758051 A or rs10840002 G allele were at decreased neuroblastoma risk, and this finding was supported by a false-positive report probability analysis. These results further verify that LMO1 polymorphisms are protective against neuroblastoma. Case-control studies with larger samples and using other ethnicities are still needed to confirm our conclusion.
Project description:Neuroblastoma (NB), a neuroendocrine tumour, is one of the most prevalent cancers in children. The link between LMO1 polymorphisms and NB has been investigated by several groups, rendering inconclusive results. Here, with this comprehensive systematic review and up-to-date meta-analysis, we aim to distinctively elucidate the possible correlation between LMO1 polymorphisms and NB susceptibility. Eligible studies were systematically researched and identified using PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases up to 10 February 2019. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of the associations. Our findings revealed that rs110419 and rs2168101 polymorphisms were significantly associated with a decreased risk of NB in all genetic models. In addition, the rs4758051 variant appeared protective against NB in homozygous, dominant and allele genetic models, whereas the rs10840002 variant markedly decreased the risk of NB in the allele model. In contrast, the rs204938 polymorphism showed a positive association with NB susceptibility in allele genetic models. In summary, our meta-analysis is the first to provide clear evidence of an association between specific polymorphisms of LMO1 and susceptibility to NB. Of note, additional larger well-designed studies would be helpful to further evaluate and confirm this association.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is one of the most commonly diagnosed extracranial solid tumors in infancy; however, the etiology of neuroblastoma remains largely unknown. Previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) indicated that several common genetic variations (rs110419 A > G, rs4758051 G > A, rs10840002 A > G and rs204938 A > G) in the LIM domain only 1 (LMO1) gene were associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the four GWAS-identified LMO1 gene polymorphisms and neuroblastoma risk in a Southern Chinese population. We genotyped the four polymorphisms in 256 neuroblastoma cases and 531 controls. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to evaluate the strength of the associations. False-positive report probability was calculated for all significant findings. We found that the rs110419 A > G polymorphism was associated with a significantly decreased neuroblastoma risk (AG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.47-0.91; GG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.36-0.91; AG/GG vs. AA: adjusted OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.46-0.86), and the protective effect was more predominant in children of age > 18 months, males, subgroups with tumor in adrenal gland and mediastinum, and patients in clinical stages III/IV. These results suggested that LMO1 gene rs110419 A > G polymorphism may contribute to protection against neuroblastoma. Our findings call for further validation studies with larger sample size.
Project description:<h4>Importance</h4>LIM domain only 1 (<i>LMO1</i>) gene polymorphisms were previously found to be implicated in the risk of several cancers. No available studies were performed regarding the predisposing effect of <i>LMO1</i> gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on central nervous system (CNS) tumor risk.<h4>Objective</h4>We aimed to determine whether the <i>LMO1</i> gene SNPs were associated with the risk of CNS tumor by applying a case-control study with 191 cases and 248 controls in China.<h4>Methods</h4>The contributions of <i>LMO1</i> gene SNPs to the risk of CNS tumor was evaluated by multinomial logistic regression.<h4>Results</h4>Based on the calculations of odds ratio (<i>OR</i>) and 95% confidence interval (<i>CI</i>), we failed to detect a significant relationship between each <i>LMO1</i> gene SNP (rs110419 A>G, rs4758051 G>A, rs10840002 A>G, rs204938 A>G, and rs2168101 G>T) and CNS tumor risk, respectively. A negative association was also found in the combined effects on these five SNPs and CNS tumor risk. The stratification analysis further demonstrated the individuals with rs204938 AG/GG genotype confer to increased risk of CNS tumor compared with those with an AA genotype in males (<i>OR</i>: 1.74, 95% <i>CI</i>: 1.01-2.98, <i>P =</i> 0.046).<h4>Interpretation</h4>We concluded that <i>LMO1</i> gene SNPs may not strong enough to influence the risk of CNS tumor in Chinese children. More studies are required to verify this association.
Project description:Wilms' tumor is the most common childhood renal malignancy. A genome-wide association study identified LIM domain only 1 (LMO1) as having oncogenic potential. We examined the associations between LMO1 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to Wilms' tumor. In this hospital-based, case-control study, we recruited 145 children with Wilms' tumor and 531 cancer-free children. Four polymorphisms (rs110419 A>G, rs4758051 G>A, rs10840002 A>G and rs204938 A>G) were genotyped using Taqman methodology. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to measure the associations between selected polymorphisms and Wilms' tumor susceptibility. Only rs110419 AG was found to be protective against Wilms' tumor (adjusted OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.41-0.94, P = 0.024) when compared to rs110419 AA. Wilms' tumor risk was markedly greater in children with 1-4 risk genotypes (nucleotide alterations) than in those with no risk genotypes (adjusted OR = 1.84, 95% CI = 1.25-2.69, P = 0.002). In a stratified analysis, the protective effect of rs110419 AG/GG was predominant in males. The association of 1-4 risk genotypes with Wilms' tumor risk was limited to subgroups of children who were >18 months old, female, and in clinical stages III+IV. Thus, LMO1 gene polymorphisms may contribute to Wilms' tumor risk, but this conclusion should be validated in other populations and larger studies.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is one of the most frequently occurring childhood cancers. The rs2168101 G>T polymorphism observed in the LMO1 gene is located at a conserved GATA transcription factor binding motif. This polymorphism was reported to be significantly associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility. However, whether this and other functional polymorphisms can affect neuroblastoma risk of Chinese children remains unknown. We conducted a two-center hospital-based case-control study with a total of 374 cases and 812 controls to assess the role of five LMO1 gene polymorphisms in the neuroblastoma risk. We confirmed that rs2168101 G>T was significantly associated with decreased neuroblastoma risk for both northern and southern Chinese children and the combined subjects [GT vs. GG: adjusted odds ratio (OR)=0.57, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.44-0.74, P<0.0001; TT vs. GG: adjusted OR=0.29, 95% CI=0.15-0.56, P=0.0002; GT/TT vs. GG: adjusted OR=0.53, 95% CI=0.41-0.68, P<0.0001; and TT vs. GT/GG: adjusted OR=0.36, 95% CI=0.19-0.69, P=0.002] after adjustment for age and gender. This association was further confirmed by performing a stratifying analysis and a false-positive report probability analysis. Similar results were observed for the rs3750952 G>C polymorphism. In summary, the current study confirmed that the potentially functional LMO1 rs2168101 G>T and rs3750952 G>C polymorphisms were associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility. This research requires further validation with larger sample sizes and inclusion of different ethnicities.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is a childhood cancer of the sympathetic nervous system that accounts for approximately 10% of all paediatric oncology deaths. To identify genetic risk factors for neuroblastoma, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on 2,251 patients and 6,097 control subjects of European ancestry from four case series. Here we report a significant association within LIM domain only 1 (LMO1) at 11p15.4 (rs110419, combined P = 5.2?×?10(-16), odds ratio of risk allele = 1.34 (95% confidence interval 1.25-1.44)). The signal was enriched in the subset of patients with the most aggressive form of the disease. LMO1 encodes a cysteine-rich transcriptional regulator, and its paralogues (LMO2, LMO3 and LMO4) have each been previously implicated in cancer. In parallel, we analysed genome-wide DNA copy number alterations in 701 primary tumours. We found that the LMO1 locus was aberrant in 12.4% through a duplication event, and that this event was associated with more advanced disease (P?<?0.0001) and survival (P = 0.041). The germline single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) risk alleles and somatic copy number gains were associated with increased LMO1 expression in neuroblastoma cell lines and primary tumours, consistent with a gain-of-function role in tumorigenesis. Short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated depletion of LMO1 inhibited growth of neuroblastoma cells with high LMO1 expression, whereas forced expression of LMO1 in neuroblastoma cells with low LMO1 expression enhanced proliferation. These data show that common polymorphisms at the LMO1 locus are strongly associated with susceptibility to developing neuroblastoma, but also may influence the likelihood of further somatic alterations at this locus, leading to malignant progression.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is a paediatric malignancy that typically arises in early childhood, and is derived from the developing sympathetic nervous system. Clinical phenotypes range from localized tumours with excellent outcomes to widely metastatic disease in which long-term survival is approximately 40% despite intensive therapy. A previous genome-wide association study identified common polymorphisms at the LMO1 gene locus that are highly associated with neuroblastoma susceptibility and oncogenic addiction to LMO1 in the tumour cells. Here we investigate the causal DNA variant at this locus and the mechanism by which it leads to neuroblastoma tumorigenesis. We first imputed all possible genotypes across the LMO1 locus and then mapped highly associated single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) to areas of chromatin accessibility, evolutionary conservation and transcription factor binding sites. We show that SNP rs2168101 G>T is the most highly associated variant (combined P?=?7.47?×?10(-29), odds ratio 0.65, 95% confidence interval 0.60-0.70), and resides in a super-enhancer defined by extensive acetylation of histone H3 lysine 27 within the first intron of LMO1. The ancestral G allele that is associated with tumour formation resides in a conserved GATA transcription factor binding motif. We show that the newly evolved protective TATA allele is associated with decreased total LMO1 expression (P?=?0.028) in neuroblastoma primary tumours, and ablates GATA3 binding (P?<?0.0001). We demonstrate allelic imbalance favouring the G-containing strand in tumours heterozygous for this SNP, as demonstrated both by RNA sequencing (P?<?0.0001) and reporter assays (P?=?0.002). These findings indicate that a recently evolved polymorphism within a super-enhancer element in the first intron of LMO1 influences neuroblastoma susceptibility through differential GATA transcription factor binding and direct modulation of LMO1 expression in cis, and this leads to an oncogenic dependency in tumour cells.
Project description:Wilms tumor is one of the most prevalent pediatric malignancies in childhood cancer worldwide. A genome-wide association study recognized that LIM domain only 1 (LMO1) increases the risk of oncogenic potential. An association has been found that LMO1 gene polymorphisms are associated with the susceptibility to Wilms tumor. One hundred forty-five children with Wilms tumor and 531 cancer-free children were included in this hospital-based case-control study. Five potentially functional polymorphisms in the LMO1 gene (rs2168101 G>T, rs1042359 A>G, rs11041838 G>C, rs2071458 C>A and rs3750952 G>C) were genotyped by the TaqMan method. The association between selected polymorphisms and Wilms tumor susceptibility was measured by calculating the odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI). Only rs2168101 G>T polymorphism was found to have a significant protective effect against Wilms tumor (GT vs. GG: adjusted OR=0.58, 95% CI=0.39-0.88, P=0.010; GT/TT vs. GG: adjusted OR=0.67, 95% CI=0.46-0.97, P=0.034). Moreover, carriers of 3-5 protective genotypes had significantly lower tumor risk than carriers of 0-2 protective genotypes (adjusted OR=0.62, 95% CI=0.42-0.91, P=0.022). The stratified analysis showed that the protective effect of rs2168101 GT/TT was predominant in males, and rs2071458 GT/TT was predominant in females. Regarding the combined risk genotypes, the analysis indicated that the 3-5 protective genotypes collectively decreased Wilms tumor risk in females. These results suggest that LMO1 gene rs2168101 G>T polymorphism may help prevent Wilms tumor, but this conclusion should be verified in other populations and additional studies.
Project description:LMO1 is a high-risk neuroblastoma susceptibility gene, but how LMO1 cooperates with MYCN in neuroblastoma tumorigenesis is unclear. In this issue of Cancer Cell, Zhu et al. develop a novel zebrafish model that elucidates a mechanism by which LMO1 and MYCN synergistically initiate neuroblastoma and contribute to metastatic disease progression.