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Marek's Disease Virus Activates the PI3K/Akt Pathway Through Interaction of Its Protein Meq With the P85 Subunit of PI3K to Promote Viral Replication.


ABSTRACT: It is known that viruses can active the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway in host cells to support cell survival and viral replication; however, the role of PI3K/Akt signaling in the pathogenic mechanisms induced by Marek's disease virus (MDV) which causes a neoplastic Marek's disease in poultry, remains unknown. In this study, we showed that MDV activated the PI3K/Akt pathway in chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEFs) at the early phase of infection, whereas treatment with a PI3K inhibitor LY294002 prior to MDV infection decreased viral replication and DNA synthesis. Flow cytometry analysis showed that inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway could significantly increase apoptosis in MDV-infected host cells, indicating that activation of PI3K/Akt signaling could facilitate viral replication through support of cell survival during infection. Evaluation of the underlying molecular mechanism by co-immunoprecipitation and laser confocal microscopy revealed that a viral protein Meq interacted with both p85? and p85? regulatory subunits of PI3K and could induce PI3K/Akt signaling in Meq-overexpressing chicken fibroblasts. Our results showed, for the first time, that MDV activated PI3K/Akt signaling in host cells through interaction of its Meq protein with the regulatory p85 subunit of PI3K to delay cell apoptosis and promote viral replication. This study provides clues for further studies of the molecular mechanisms underlying MDV infection and pathogenicity for the host.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6206265 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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