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Chemotherapeutic Efficacy of Implantable Antineoplastic-Treatment Protocols in an Optimal Mouse Model for Human Ovarian Carcinoma Cell Targeting.


ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to design and develop a nanocomposite drug delivery system employing an antineoplastic-loaded antibody functionalized nanomicelle encapsulated within a Chitosan?Poly(vinylpyrrolidone)?Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (C?P?N) hydrogel to form an in situ forming implant (ISFI), responsive to temperature and pH for cancer cell-targeting following intraperitoneal implantation. The optimum nanomicelle formulation was surface-functionalized with anti-MUC 16 (antibody) for the targeted delivery of methotrexate to human ovarian carcinoma (NIH:OVCAR-5) cells in Athymic nude mice that expressed MUC16, as a preferential form of intraperitoneal ovarian cancer (OC) chemotherapy. The cross-linked interpenetrating C?P?N hydrogel was synthesized for the preparation of an in situ-forming implant (ISFI). Subsequently, the ISFI was fabricated by encapsulating a nanocomposite comprising of anti-MUC16 (antibody) functionalized methotrexate (MTX)-loaded poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-poly(aspartic acid) (PNIPAAm-b-PASP) nanomicelles (AF(MTX)NM's) within the cross-linked C?P?N hydrogel. This strategy enabled specificity and increased the residence time of the nanomicelles at tumor sites over a period exceeding one month, enhancing uptake of drugs and preventing recurrence and chemo-resistance. Chemotherapeutic efficacy was tested on the optimal ovarian tumor-bearing Athymic nude mouse model and the results demonstrated tumor regression including reduction in mouse weight and tumor size, as well as a significant (p < 0.05) reduction in mucin 16 levels in plasma and ascitic fluid, and improved survival of mice after treatment with the experimental anti-MUC16/CA125 antibody-bound nanotherapeutic implant drug delivery system (ISFI) (p < 0.05). The study also concluded that ISFI could potentially be considered an important immuno-chemotherapeutic agent that could be employed in human clinical trials of advanced, and/or recurring, metastatic epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). The development of this ISFI may circumvent the treatment flaws experienced with conventional systemic therapies, effectively manage recurrent disease and ultimately prolong disease-free intervals in ovarian cancer patients.

SUBMITTER: Pantshwa JM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6213745 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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