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Dominant Role of Young's Modulus for Electric Power Generation in PVDF?BaTiO? Composite-Based Piezoelectric Nanogenerator.

ABSTRACT: The electric power output of a piezoelectric nanogenerator (PENG) depends on the various physical parameters of the constituent materials, including the piezoelectric coefficient, Young's modulus, and dielectric constant. Herein, we report the mechanical and electrical properties of a poly(vinylidene fluoride)?BaTiO? (PVDF?BTO) composite-based PENG. Variation of the BTO nanoparticle (NP) content enabled the systematic tuning of the physical parameters that are related to power generation in the composite. The Young's modulus of the PVDF?BTO composite initially increased, and then eventually decreased, with the increasing BTO content, which was probably due to the clustering effect of the high modulus BTO NPs. The dielectric constant of the composite continuously increased as the BaTiO? content increased. The piezoelectric outputs were greatly enhanced at 10 wt% of BTO, where the Young's modulus was the highest. These results indicate that the Young's modulus plays an important role in the piezoelectric power generation of the composite-based PENGs.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6215192 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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