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ATIM-26. IMMUNOLOGIC TRENDS ASSOCIATED WITH PATIENT OUTCOMES IN A PHASE 1 CLINICAL TRIAL OF TOCA 511 AND TOCA FC IN RECURRENT HIGH GRADE GLIOMA


ABSTRACT: Abstract Toca 511 (vocimagene amiretrorepvec) is a cancer selective, retroviral replicating vector encoding a codon optimized, heat stabilized cytosine deaminase that converts Toca FC (extended-release 5- fluorocytosine, 5-FC) into the anticancer agent 5-fluorouracil. Preclinical evidence demonstrates that the Toca 511 & Toca FC regimen kills cancer cells and immunosuppressive myeloid cells in the tumor microenvironment, leading to durable antitumor immune responses that can be adoptively transferred to untreated animals. In an ascending dose trial (NCT01470794) in patients with recurrent high grade glioma (rHGG), Toca 511 was injected into the resection cavity walls at the time of resection, and then multiple courses of oral Toca FC were administered. Multiyear durable and complete responses by independent radiology review have been reported. Human immune monitoring results support an immunologic mechanism of action and identify potential biomarkers related to patient outcomes. Measurements included the quantification of peripheral blood and tumor infiltrating leukocyte subsets by flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, and deconvolution of DNA and RNA sequencing data. In addition, systemic cytokine levels were assessed in peripheral blood serum by multiplex digital ELISA. Univariate comparisons and multivariate models revealed immunologic trends associated with patient outcomes. Pre-treatment tumor infiltrating cell subsets, quantified via deconvolution of RNA sequencing data, were associated with both objective responses and survival. Subsequent exploratory models applied to selected patient data indicate that a combined biomarker using mRNA signatures from multiple leukocyte subsets may predict patient outcomes with high sensitivity and selectivity. In addition, post-treatment serum cytokine time-course results suggest that differences and temporal modulations are associated with both objective response and survival. These results support an immune-related mechanism of action for the Toca 511 & Toca FC regimen. Potentially predictive and/or prognostic biomarkers of patient outcomes will be evaluated in the ongoing randomized Phase 3 Toca 5 trial in patients with rHGG (NCT02414165).

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6216133 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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