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Novel mechanism responsible for high-level macrolide resistance in Moraxella catarrhalis.


ABSTRACT: Background:High-level macrolide-resistant Moraxella catarrhalis strains have been isolated; however, the underlying mechanism has not been well elucidated. We investigated the role of mutations in the 23S rRNA gene and the L4 and L22 ribosomal proteins using spontaneous erythromycin-resistant mutants and transformants. Materials and methods:The erythromycin-susceptible M. catarrhalis ATCC25238 and clinical isolate Mc19 were used as parental strains. To obtain spontaneous erythromycin-resistant mutants, in vitro stepwise selection was performed using brain-heart infusion agar plates containing various concentrations of erythromycin. The role of the mutations identified in the spontaneous mutants was validated using transformation experiments. Results:We obtained two spontaneous mutants with high-level resistance to erythromycin, S25-32-af10 and S19-256-af10, from ATCC25238 and Mc19, respectively. S25-32-af10 exhibited mutations of Q61R in L4 and Insertion98SRADRIS in L22. S19-256-af10 exhibited three C2611T-mutated alleles in the 23S rRNA gene and G65A in L4. Transformants with single mutations identified in S25-32-af10 or S19-256-af10 showed higher erythromycin and azithromycin minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) than those of each parental strain. However, transformants with multiple mutations identified in S25-32-af10 or S19-256-af10 showed macrolide MICs similar to those of each parental strain. Conclusion:Our results provide the first evidence suggesting that Q61R in L4 and Insertion98SRADRIS in L22 are involved in the synergistic acquisition of high-level resistance to both 14- and 15-member macrolides, and that C2611T in the 23S rRNA gene and G65A in L4 also synergistically contribute toward conferring high-level 14-member macrolide resistance to M. catarrhalis.

SUBMITTER: Kasai A 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6219419 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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