Resection of retroperitoneal sarcoma en-bloc with inferior vena cava: 20 year outcomes of a single institution.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Margin negative resection offers the best chance of long-term survival in retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS). En-bloc resection of adjacent structures, including the inferior vena cava (IVC), is often required to achieve negative margins. We review our 20-year experience of en-bloc IVC and RPS resection. METHODS:Retrospective review of patients with RPS resection involving the IVC were matched 1:3 by age and histology to RPS without IVC resection. Prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were assessed. RESULTS:Thirty-two patients underwent RPS resection en-bloc with IVC. They were matched with 96 cases of RPS without IVC resection. Median OS of 59 months and DFS 18 months in IVC resection group was comparable to RPS resection without vascular involvement: median OS 65 months, DFS 18 months (P?=?0.519, P?=?0.604). On multivariate analyses, R2 margin (OS: HR?=?6.52 [95%CI: 1.18-36.09], P?=?0.032) was associated with inferior OS. R2 margin and increased number of organs resected (DFS: HR?=?5.07, [1.15-22.27], P?=?0.031, HR?=?1.28 [1.01-1.62], P?=?0.014) were associated with inferior DFS. Reconstructions included graft (n?=?19, 59%), patch (n?=?4, 13%), primary repair (n?=?6, 19%), and ligation (n?=?4, 13%). CONCLUSIONS:RPS resection en-bloc with IVC can achieve equivalent rates of DFS and OS to patients without vascular involvement.
Project description:<h4>Importance</h4>Maximal resection is the preferred management for sacral chordomas but can be associated with unacceptable morbidity. Outcomes with radiotherapy are poor. Carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT) is being explored as an alternative when surgery is not preferred.<h4>Objective</h4>To compare oncologic outcomes and treatment-related toxicity of CIRT and en bloc resection for sacral chordoma.<h4>Design, setting, and participants</h4>Univariable logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association between treatment type and oncologic and toxicity outcomes in this retrospective cohort study. Nearest-neighbor propensity score matching was used to match the CIRT cohort with the en bloc resection cohort and 10 National Cancer Database (NCDB) cohorts separately, with the objective of obtaining more homogeneous cohorts when comparing treatments. Patient- and tumor-related characteristics from 2 institutional cohorts were collected for patients diagnosed with sacral chordomas between April 1, 1994, and July 31, 2017. The NCDB was queried for data on patients with sacral chordoma from January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2016, as a comparator in overall survival (OS) analyses. Data analysis was conducted from February 24, 2020, to January 16, 2021.<h4>Exposures</h4>En bloc resection, incomplete resection, photon radiotherapy, proton radiotherapy, and CIRT.<h4>Main outcomes and measures</h4>Overall survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the Cox proportional hazards model. Peripheral motor nerve toxic effects were scored using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.03.<h4>Results</h4>A total of 911 patients were included in the study (NCDB: n = 669; median age, 64 [IQR, 52-74] years; 410 [61.3%] men; CIRT: n = 188; median age, 66 [IQR, 58-71] years; 128 [68.1%] men; en bloc surgical resection: n = 54; median age, 53.5 [IQR 49-64] years, 36 [66.7%] men). Comparison of the propensity score-matched institutional en bloc resection and CIRT cohorts revealed no statistically significant difference in OS (CIRT: median OS, 68.1 [95% CI, 44.0-102.6] months; en bloc resection: median OS, 58.6 [95% CI, 25.6-123.5] months; P = .57; hazard ratio, 0.71 [95% CI, 0.25-2.06]; P = .53). The CIRT cohort experienced lower rates of peripheral motor neuropathy (odds ratio, 0.13 [95% CI, 0.04-0.40]; P < .001). On comparison of the propensity score-matched NCDB cohorts with the CIRT cohort, significantly higher OS was found for CIRT compared with margin-positive surgery without adjuvant radiotherapy (CIRT: median OS, 64.7 [95% CI, 57.8-69.7] months; margin-positive surgery without adjuvant radiotherapy: median OS, 60.6 [95% CI, 44.2-69.7] months, P = .03) and primary radiotherapy alone (CIRT: median OS, 64.9 [95% CI 57.0-70.5] months; primary radiotherapy alone: 31.8 [95% CI, 27.9-40.6] months; P < .001).<h4>Conclusions and relevance</h4>These findings suggest that CIRT can be used as treatment for older patients with high performance status and sacral chordoma in whom surgery is not preferred. CIRT might provide additional benefit for patients who undergo margin-positive resection or who are candidates for primary photon radiotherapy.
Project description:Gynecological carcinosarcomas are aggressive tumors with rare occurrence and high rates of metastases. We present the case of a 49-year-old woman with vaginal bleeding and abdominal distension who was found to have a large ovarian carcinosarcoma invading the gonadal vein and inferior vena cava (IVC) and extending into right atrium (RA). She underwent gynecologic tumor resection, IVC cavotomy and en bloc resection of tumor/thrombus through the RA. Use of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography helped assess extent and mobility of mass in the RA to guide surgical approach. This case posed unique challenges with regard to management of induction, hemodynamics and coagulopathy.
Project description:BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Although endoscopic resection is widely used for the treatment of superficial colorectal neoplasms, the rate of local recurrence of lesions with a positive or indeterminate lateral margin on histologic evaluation is unclear. We aimed to demonstrate the relationship between lateral margin status and local recurrence after the endoscopic resection of intramucosal colorectal neoplasms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical and pathologic data for 844 endoscopically resected colorectal intramucosal neoplasms with a size of 10 mm or larger. We investigated the relationship between the local recurrence rate and the lateral margin status (categorized as LM0 [negative], LM1 [positive], or LMX [indeterminate]). RESULTS: In total, 389 lesions were evaluated as LM0 and showed no local recurrence. Of the 455 lesions evaluated as LMX or LM1, 30 showed local recurrence within a median period of 6.3 months (range, 1.7 - 48.1) from the initial endoscopic resection. The local recurrence rate of the en bloc-LMX group (2.2 %) was significantly lower than that of the piecemeal-LMX group (15.2 %). Of the 30 cases of recurrence, 28 were successfully treated with a second endoscopic resection. Of the two lesions that showed further recurrence, one was treated with a third endoscopic resection, whereas the other - which was a piecemeal-LMX lesion - was eventually diagnosed as invasive cancer and treated with surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The local recurrence rate was lower in the en bloc-LMX group than in the piecemeal-LMX group. Thus, we believe that en bloc-LMX lesions that are completely and confidently resected endoscopically can be treated as en bloc-LM0 lesions.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Definitive evidence to guide clinical practice on the principles of surgery for retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPSs) is still lacking. This study aims to summarise the available evidence to assess the relative benefits and disadvantages of an aggressive surgical approach with contiguous organ resection in patients with RPS, the association between surgical resection margins and survival outcomes, and the role of surgery in recurrent RPS.<h4>Methods</h4>We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and EMBASE for relevant randomised trials and observational studies published from inception up to May 1, 2021. Prospective or retrospective studies, published in the English language, providing outcome data with surgical treatment in patients with RPS were selected. The primary outcome was overall survival (OS).<h4>Findings</h4>In total, 47 articles were analysed. There were no significant differences in the rates of OS (HR: 0.93; 95% CI: 0.83-1.03; P = 0.574) and recurrence-free survival (HR: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.74-1.27; P = 0.945) between the extended resection group and the tumour resection alone group. Organ resection did not increase postoperative mortality (OR: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.55-1.81; P = 0.997) but had a relatively higher complication rate (OR: 2.24, 95% CI: 0.94-5.34; P = 0.068). OS was higher in R0 than in R1 resection (HR: 1.34; 95% CI: 1.23-1.44; P < 0.001) and in R1 resection than in R2 resection (HR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.35-2.36; P < 0.001). OS was also higher in R2 resection than in no surgery (HR: 1.26; 95% CI: 1.07-1.45; P < 0.001), however, subgroup analysis showed that the pooled HR in the trials reporting primary RPS was similar between the two groups (HR, 1.14; 95% CI, 0.87-1.42; P = 0.42). Surgical treatment achieves a significantly higher OS rate than does conservative treatment (HR: 2.42; 95% CI: 1.21-3.64; P < 0.001) for recurrent RPS.<h4>Conclusions</h4>For primary RPS, curative-intent en bloc resection should be aimed, and adjacent organs with evidence of direct invasion must be resected to avoid R2 resection. For recurrent RPS, surgical resection should be considered as a priority. Incomplete resection remains to have a survival benefit in select patients with unresectable recurrent RPS.
Project description:Perioperative radiation therapy (RT) has been associated with reduced local recurrence in patients with retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS); however, selection criteria remain unclear. We hypothesized that perioperative RT would improve survival in patients with RPS and would be associated with pathological factors. The National Cancer Database (NCDB) from 2004 to 2012 was reviewed for patients with nonmetastatic RPS undergoing curative intent resection. Tumor size was dichotomized at 15?cm based on 8th edition American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging. Patients with the highest comorbidity score were excluded. Unadjusted Kaplan-Meier and adjusted Cox proportional hazards modeling analyzed overall survival (OS). Multivariable logistic regression modeled margin positivity. A total of 2,264 patients were included; 727 patients (32.1%) had perioperative radiation in whom 203 (9.0%) had radiation preoperatively. Median (IQR) RPS size was 17.5 [11.0-27.0] cm. Histopathology was high grade in 1048 patients (43.7%). Multivariable analysis revealed that perioperative radiation was independently associated with decreased mortality (HR 0.72, 95% confidence intervals (CIs) 0.62-0.84, p < 0.001), and preoperative RT was associated with reduced margin positivity (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.53-0.97, p=0.032). Stratified survival analysis showed that radiation was associated with prolonged median OS for RPS that were high-grade (64.3 vs. 43.6 months, p < 0.001), less than 15?cm (104.1 vs. 84.2 months, p=0.007), and leiomyosarcomatous (104.8 vs. 61.8 months, p < 0.001). Perioperative radiation is independently associated with decreased mortality in patients with high-grade, less than 15?cm, and leiomyosarcomatous tumors. Preoperative radiation is independently associated with margin-negative resection. These data support the selective use of perioperative radiation in the multidisciplinary management of RPS.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Spinal fibroblastic and myofibroblastic tumors (FMTs) are extremely rare. Few studies have reported on the features and outcomes of this condition that affects the axial skeleton. We explored the clinical characteristics and factors affecting the prognosis of spinal FMTs.<h4>Methods</h4>We retroactively assessed the survival of 51 patients with spinal FMTs who underwent surgical and adjuvant treatments in our center between April 2006 and September 2018. Factors affecting disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Variables with <i>p</i> value ? 0.05 were subjected to multivariate analysis using the Cox proportional hazards regression model. A two-sided <i>P</i> value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.<h4>Results</h4>The mean follow-up period was 50.8 ± 35.6 months (Range 4.2-172.6). Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the 5-year DFS was 10% (95% CI [31.09-42.56]) and the 5-year OS was 53% (95% CI [61.28-97.20]). Multivariate analysis showed that en bloc excision was associated with better DFS (HR 0.214, 0.011) and OS (HR 0.273, 0.043), radiotherapy negatively affected OS (HR 0.353, 0.033), and the recurrence and Ki-67 index <5% significantly affected DFS (HR 3.008, 0.008 and 2.754, 0.029).<h4>Conclusions</h4>Spinal FMTs are rare. Surgery is the treatment of choice and en bloc excision is strongly recommended to improve outcomes. Disease recurrence and the Ki-67 marker are correlated with the progression of these tumors.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with portal vein resection (PVR) is a standard operation for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) with portal vein (PV) invasion, but positive margin rates remain high. It was hypothesized that regional pancreatoduodenectomy (RPD), in which soft tissue around the PV is resected en bloc, could enhance oncological clearance and survival. METHODS:This retrospective study included consecutive patients who underwent PD with PVR between January 2005 and December 2016 in a single high-volume centre. In standard PD (SPD) with PVR, the PV was skeletonized and the surrounding soft tissue dissected. In RPD, the retropancreatic segment of the PV was resected en bloc with its surrounding soft tissue. The extent of lymphadenectomy was similar between the procedures. RESULTS:A total of 268 patients were included (177 SPD, 91 RPD). Tumours were more often resectable in patients undergoing SPD (60·5 per cent versus 38 per cent in those having RPD; P = 0·014), and consequently they received neoadjuvant therapy less often (7·9 versus 25 per cent respectively; P?<?0·001). R0 resection was achieved in 73 patients (80 per cent) in the RPD group, compared with 117 (66·1 per cent) of those in the SPD group (P = 0·016), although perioperative outcomes were comparable between the groups. Median recurrence-free (RFS) and overall (OS) survival were 17 and 32?months respectively in patients who had RPD, compared with 11 and 21?months in those who had SPD (RFS: P = 0·003; OS: P = 0·004). CONCLUSION:RPD is as safe and feasible as SPD, and may increase the survival of patients with PDAC with PV invasion.
Project description:Infiltration of adjacent dura with meningioma cells is a common phenomenon. Wide resection of the dural tail (DT) to achieve a gross total resection is a general recommendation. We aimed to investigate a tumor cell infiltration of the DT after image-guided resection of convexity meningiomas. The study's inclusion criteria were the diagnosis of convexity meningioma, planned Simpson I° resection, and an identifiable DT. Intraoperative image-guidance was applied to identify the outer edge of the DT and to guide resection. After resection, en-bloc specimen or four samples of outermost pieces of DT in case of piecemeal resection were sent for histological analysis. In addition to resection margin infiltration, the radiological extent of DT, radiomic characteristics (109 in total), histology, and demographic data were assessed. Hierarchical clustering was used to generate patient clusters for radiomic analysis. Twenty-two patients were included in the study, while 20 (91%) were female. The mean age was 54.2 (Standard deviation (SD) 13.9, range 30-85) years. En-bloc resection could be achieved in 4 patients. The remaining patients received piecemeal resection. 2 DT samples were omitted due to tumor infiltration of the superior sagittal sinus. None of the en-bloc resection samples demonstrated dural infiltration on the resection margin. Tumor cells were detected in 4 of 70 (5.7%) dural tail samples and could not be excluded in another 5 of 70 (7.1%). No tumor recurrences were detected at follow-up MRI examinations after a mean follow-up of 27.5 (SD 13.2, range 0 to 50.0) months. There was no significant association between DT infiltration and histological subtype or patient characteristics and between DT extent and tumor infiltration. Clustering according to radiomic characteristics was not associated with tumor infiltration (<i>p</i> = 0.89). The radiological dural tail does not reliably outline the extent of tumor cell infiltration in convexity meningiomas. Hence, the extent of dural tail resection should not exclusively be guided by preoperative radiological appearance.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>En bloc right hemicolectomy with pancreatoduodenectomy (RHCPD) is the optimum treatment to achieve the adequate margin of resection (R0) for locally advanced right-sided colon cancer with duodenal invasion. Information regarding the indications and outcomes of this procedure is limited.<h4>Method</h4>In this retrospective study, 2269 patients with right colon cancer underwent radical right colectomy between October 2010 and May 2019, in which 19 patients underwent RHCPD for LARCC were identified. The overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), operative mortality, postsurgical complications, gene mutational analysis, and prognostic factors were evaluated. Survival was estimated using Kaplan-Meir method.<h4>Results</h4>Of these 19 patients who underwent LARCC, the OS was 88%, 66%, and 58% at 1, 3, and 5 years. The DFS was 72%, 56%, and 56% at 1, 3, and 5 years. The median operative time was 320 min (range: 222-410 min), and the median operative blood loss was 268 mL (range: 100-600 mL). The OS was significantly better among patients with well-differentiated tumor, N0 stage, and high microsatellite instability (MSI) and in patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy. The major postoperative complications occurred in 8 patients (42%), with pancreatic fistula (PF) being the most common. On the basis of the univariate analysis, poorly differentiated tumor, regional lymph node dissemination, MSI status, and no perioperative chemotherapy were the significant predictors of poor survival (P < 0.05).<h4>Conclusions</h4>This study suggests that RHCPD is feasible and can achieve complete tumor clearance with favorable outcome, particularly in patients with lymph node-negative status.
Project description:Purpose. Proven efficacy of imatinib mesylate in gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) has led to its use in advanced disease and, more recently, in adjuvant and neoadjuvant settings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the optimal neoadjuvant imatinib duration to reduce the morbidity of surgery and increase the possibility of resection completeness in advanced tumours. Patients and Method. Patients with advanced GIST were enrolled into a registered open-label multicenter trial and received imatinib daily for a maximum of 12 months, followed by en bloc resection. Data were prospectively collected regarding tumour assessment, response rate, surgical characteristics, recurrence, and survival. Results. Fourteen patients with advanced GIST were enrolled. According to RECIST criteria, 6 patients had partial response and 8 had stable disease. The overall tumour size reduction was 25% (0-62.5%), and there was no tumour progression. Eleven patients underwent tumour resection, and all had R0 resection. After a median followup of 48 months, 4-year OS and DFS were 100% and 64%, respectively. Conclusion. This prospective trial showed that one year of neoadjuvant imatinib in advanced GIST is safe and associated with high rate of complete microscopic resection. It is not associated with increased resistance, progression, or complication rates.