Long-term surgical outcomes of multiple parfoveolar curvilinear internal limiting membrane peeling for myopic foveoschisis.
ABSTRACT: PURPOSE:To investigate the long-term results of a modified technique for parafoveal multiple curvilinear internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling to preserve the epi-foveal ILM in myopic foveoschisis surgery. METHODS:Thirty-two consecutive patients (36 eyes) were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups according to the extent of ILM peeled: the fovea-sparing ILM peeling group (FS) (18 eyes) and total ILM peeling group (TP) (18 eyes). Patients were followed up for at least 12 months. The main outcome measures were best-corrected visual acuity changes, evolution of macular schisis and the factors associated with the development of a full-thickness macular hole (FTMH). RESULTS:FTMH developed in 1 of 18 eyes (5.6%) in the FS group and 3 of 18 eyes (16.7%) in the TP group (P = 0.28). Long-term follow-up showed visual improvement was better in the FS group than in the TP group (0.94 vs. 0.58 logMAR). Macular schisis disappeared in 13 of 18 eyes (72.2%) in the FS group, but disappeared in 7 of 18 eyes (38.9%) in the TP group (P = 0.04). Logistic regression analysis showed that only the preoperative outer lamellar macular hole (P = 0.016) was a significant risk factor for development of postoperative FTMH. CONCLUSIONS:Fovea-sparing ILM peeling achieves a higher rate of macular schisis resolution over total peeling. A preoperative outer lamellar macular hole can be a risk factor for the development of a macular hole.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:To compare the efficacy and safety of macular buckling and vitrectomy for myopic traction maculopathy showing macular schisis (MS) and associated macular detachment (MD) but without full-thickness macular hole (FTMH). DESIGN:Prospective, randomized, parallel, open-label study. METHODS:Patients were randomly assigned to either buckling or vitrectomy group. Macular buckling and intravitreal C3F8 gas injection were performed in the buckling group. Small gauge vitrectomy, internal limiting membrane peeling (ILMP) and C3F8 gas tamponade were performed in the vitrectomy group. The patients were followed for 12 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at 12 months. RESULTS:A total of 85 patients were randomized, 80 eyes were included (41 receiving buckling, 39 received vitrectomy), and 78 patients completed the study. There were less eyes determined as surgical failure and required a second surgery in the buckling group than vitrectomy the group (2.4% versus 18.4%, p = 0.021). After surgery, macular buckling achieved more improvement in BCVA (+21.7 versus +4.5 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters, p = 0.002). FTMH development was observed in only 1 (2.4%) eye, after removing of the implant due to recurrent conjunctival erosion, in the buckling group and 10 (26.3%) eyes (seven with-, three without MD) in the vitrectomy group (p < 0.001). More eyes developed cataracts in the vitrectomy group than did in the buckling group (28.9% versus 7.5%, p = 0.014). Macular buckling-associated strabismus (esotropia), binocular diplopia and implant exposure were observed in limited cases. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:Macular buckling is superior to vitrectomy with ILM peeling plus gas injection for surgical treatment of MS and associated MD in high myopia.
Project description:To highlight the differences in macular pigment optical density (MPOD) between eyes with vitreoretinal interface syndrome and healthy control eyes, to assess the changes in MPOD in eyes treated with macular peeling, to investigate the relationships between MPOD changes and measures of retinal sensitivity such as best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and microperimetry.In this cross-sectional comparative study, 30 eyes affected by idiopathic epiretinal membrane (iERM, 15eyes) or full-thickness macular hole (FTMH, 15eyes) were compared with 60 eyes from 30 healthy age-matched patients. MPOD values (mean MPOD, maximum MPOD, MPOD area, and MPOD volume) were measured in a range of 4°-7° of eccentricity around the fovea, using the one-wavelength reflectometry method (Visucam 200, Carl-Zeiss Meditec). Patients affected by iERM and FTMH were treated with vitrectomy and epiretinal membrane-inner limiting membrane (ERM-ILM) peeling, with follow-up examinations performed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. The main outcome measures were the differences in MPOD between eyes with vitreoretinal interface syndrome and healthy eyes, changes in MPOD after ERM-ILM peeling, and relationships between MPOD and functional changes.Mean MPOD differed significantly between control eyes and those with iERM (P = .0001) or FTMH (P = .0006). The max MPOD and MPOD area increased, but not significantly. After peeling, the only significant change in MPOD was in MPOD volume (P = .01). In the ERM group, postoperative mean MPOD correlated significantly with best-corrected visual acuity (r = .739, P = .002).MPOD was reduced in patients with iERM or FTMH compared with healthy eyes. We found a significant correlation between the mean postoperative MPOD and postoperative BCVA, hypothesizing that the postoperative increase in mean MPOD could be due to a change in distribution for unfolding and expansion of the fovea after the peeling. MOPD may be considered as a prognostic factor associated with a good visual prognosis in patients with iERM.
Project description:PurposeTo determine whether the inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique contributes to high reattachment and closure rates in patients with macular hole-associated retinal detachment (MHRD).Patients and methodsIn all, 15 eyes of 15 patients with MHRD undergoing 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with the inverted ILM flap technique or ILM peeling. The patients were divided into the inverted ILM flap technique group (6 eyes) and ILM peeling group (9 eyes). The logarithm of minimal angle of resolution best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and retinal attachment and macular hole closure rates were compared between the two groups before and after surgery.ResultsNo significant differences were found in the pre- and postoperative BCVA at 1 and 3 months after surgery in either group (inverted ILM flap technique group, preoperatively 1.04±0.55, 1 month 0.95±0.30, 3 months 0.83±0.22; ILM peeling group, preoperatively 1.00±0.44, 1 month 1.05±0.38, 3 months 1.06±0.49; P>0.05, respectively). The postoperative BCVA at 6 months after surgery was significantly better in the inverted ILM flap technique group than in the ILM peeling group (inverted ILM flap technique group, 0.62±0.35; ILM peeling group, 1.02±0.41, P=0.045). The improvement in BCVA was significantly better in the inverted ILM flap technique group than in the ILM peeling group (inverted ILM flap technique group, -0.41±0.29; ILM peeling group, 0.02±0.36; P=0.021). The primary macular hole closure rates were 100% in the inverted ILM flap technique group and 55.5% in the ILM peeling group. The primary reattachment rates were 100% in the inverted ILM flap technique group and 55.5% in the ILM peeling group. The primary macular hole closure and reattachment rates were not significantly different in both groups (P=0.056, respectively).ConclusionThe inverted ILM flap technique is a useful procedure for MHRD in highly myopic eyes.
Project description:BACKGROUND:A full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) is a common retinal condition associated with impaired vision. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated that surgery, by means of pars plana vitrectomy and post-operative intraocular tamponade with gas, is effective for stage 2, 3 and 4 FTMH. Internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling has been introduced as an additional surgical manoeuvre to increase the success of the surgery; i.e. increase rates of hole closure and visual improvement. However, little robust evidence exists supporting the superiority of ILM peeling compared with no-peeling techniques. The purpose of FILMS (Full-Thickness Macular Hole and Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling Study) is to determine whether ILM peeling improves the visual function, the anatomical closure of FTMH, and the quality of life of patients affected by this disorder, and the cost-effectiveness of the surgery. METHODS/DESIGN:Patients with stage 2-3 idiopathic FTMH of less or equal than 18 months duration (based on symptoms reported by the participant) and with a visual acuity </= 20/40 in the study eye will be enrolled in this FILMS from eight sites across the UK and Ireland. Participants will be randomised to receive combined cataract surgery (phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation) and pars plana vitrectomy with postoperative intraocular tamponade with gas, with or without ILM peeling. The primary outcome is distance visual acuity at 6 months. Secondary outcomes include distance visual acuity at 3 and 24 months, near visual acuity at 3, 6, and 24 months, contrast sensitivity at 6 months, reading speed at 6 months, anatomical closure of the macular hole at each time point (1, 3, 6, and 24 months), health related quality of life (HRQOL) at six months, costs to the health service and the participant, incremental costs per quality adjusted life year (QALY) and adverse events. DISCUSSION:FILMS will provide high quality evidence on the role of ILM peeling in FTMH surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION:This trial is registered with Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN number 33175422 and Clinical Trials.gov identifier NCT00286507.
Project description:The anatomical success rate of macular hole surgery ranges around 93-98%. However, the prognosis of large macular holes is generally poor. The study was conducted to compare the anatomical and visual outcomes of Internal Limiting Membrane (ILM) peeling vis-a-vis inverted ILM flap for the treatment of idiopathic large Full-Thickness Macular Holes (FTMH).This was a prospective randomized control trial. The study included patients with idiopathic FTMH, with a minimum diameter ranging from 600 to 1500 ?m. The patients were randomized into Group A (ILM peeling) and Group B (inverted ILM flap). The main outcome measures were anatomical and visual outcome at the end of 6 months. Anatomical success was defined as flattening of macular hole with resolution of the subretinal cuff of fluid and neurosensory retina completely covering the fovea.There were 30 patients in each group. The mean minimum diameters in Group A and B were 759.97?±?85.01 ?m and 803.33?±?120.65 ?m respectively (p?=?0.113). The mean base diameter in group A and B was 1304.50?±?191.59 ?m and 1395.17?±?240.56 ?m respectively (p?=?0.112). The anatomical success rates achieved in Group A and B were 70.0 and 90.0% respectively (p?=?0.125). The mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) after 6 months was logMAR 0.65?±?0.25 (Snellen equivalent, 20/89) in Group A and logMAR 0.53?±?0.20 (Snellen equivalent, 20/68) in Group B (p?=?0.060). The mean improvement in BCVA was 1.4 lines and 2.1 lines in groups A and B respectively (p?=?0.353). BCVA?20/60 was achieved by 13.3 and 20.0% in group A and B respectively (p?=?0.766).The anatomical and functional outcome of Inverted ILM flap technique in large FTMH is statistically similar to that seen in conventional ILM peeling.Clinical Trials Registry - India (Indian Medical Research) CTRI/2017/11/010474 .
Project description:The development of a macular hole is relatively common in retinal dystrophies eligible for gene therapy such as choroideremia. However, the subretinal delivery of gene therapy requires an uninterrupted retina to allow dispersion of the viral vector. A macular hole may thus hinder effective gene therapy. Little is known about the outcome of macular hole surgery and its possible beneficial and/or adverse effects on retinal function in patients with choroideremia. We describe a case of a unilateral full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) in a 45year-old choroideremia patient (c.1349_1349+2dup mutation in CHM gene) and its management. Pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and 20% SF? gas tamponade was performed, and subsequent FTMH closure was confirmed at 4 weeks, 3 months and 5 months postoperatively. No postoperative adverse events occurred, and fixation stability improved on microperimetry from respectively 11% and 44% of fixation points located within a 1° and 2° radius, preoperatively, to 94% and 100% postoperatively. This case underlines that pars plana vitrectomy with ILM peeling and gas tamponade can successfully close a FTMH in choroideremia patients, with subsequent structural and functional improvement. Macular hole closure may be important for patients to be eligible for future submacular gene therapy.
Project description:Purpose:To examine the relationship between the morphological and functional results in eyes after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling due to stage 4 full-thickness macular hole (FTMH). Methods:The study included 22 eyes that underwent successful PPV due to FTMH. Both vertical metamorphopsia (VM) and horizontal metamorphopsia (HM) were determined using type 2 M-charts, as well as best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), microperimetry, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed before PPV and 1 and 6?months postoperatively. Results:A significant improvement of BCVA and metamorphopsia scores measured by M-charts in particular periods before surgery, 1 and 6?months after PPV, was observed. The VM scores were consistently higher than the HM scores at all assessment times. There was a correlation found between VM and BCVA and microperimetry parameters before surgery. The macular sensitivity (MS) as well as macular integrity index increased from 1?month to 6?months after PPV and were correlated with postoperative visual acuity (VA). There was a correlation found between the hole diameter and MS and P2 parameter 6?months after PPV. There was a correlation found between mean duration of symptoms of FTMH and VA and VM score. Conclusions:VM scores seem to correlate better than HM scores with preoperative BCVA, microperimetry parameters, and duration of symptoms of the FTMH. VM scores are higher after PPV than HM scores in patients with stage 4 of the FTMH. This trial is registered with NCT03701542.
Project description:PURPOSE:To compare the anatomical outcomes of different extents of internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling in idiopathic macular hole surgery. METHODS:Prospective, parallel-group, randomized clinical trial. A total of 121 eyes of 121 patients with idiopathic macular hole underwent pars plana vitrectomy, and peeling of the ILM with a diameter of two disk diameters (DD) or 4DD based on randomization. The main outcome was the proportion of eyes with complete hole closure at 12 months. The second outcome was the hole closure grading stratified by macular hole closure index (MHCI) at each visit. RESULTS:At 12 months, there was no significant difference in anatomical outcomes with complete closure achieved in 52 (82.5%) of 63 eyes in the 2DD group and 53 (91.4%) of 58 eyes in the 4DD group (p = 0.15). For subjects with MHCI ?0.5 (n = 24), complete closure rate was significantly lower in the 2DD group compared to the 4DD group (p = 0.012; 18.2% versus 75.9%, respectively). Average BCVA was lower in 2DD group than 4DD group (p = 0.014). By contrast, when MHCI was >0.5, the complete closure rate between the two groups showed no significant difference: 96.2% (50 patients) versus 95.6% (43 patients), respectively (p = 0.185). CONCLUSION:In patients with idiopathic full-thickness macular hole and MHCI ?0.5, a larger ILM peel of 4DD tends to achieve better anatomical outcomes than a more limited 2DD peel.
Project description:Purpose:To study the features in OCT-angiography and microperimetry in eyes with persistent full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) closed with the secondary plana vitrectomy (PPV) with autologous internal limiting membrane (ILM) plug. Methods:Secondary PPV was performed with closing the persistent FTMH with ILM plug, C3F8 tamponade, and face-down positioning. Four patients were followed for 6 months with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurement, SD-OCT and OCT-A, and microperimetry. The results were compared with the fellow eye; in two patients, it was the healthy eye, and in two remaining eyes, successfully closed FTMH after primary PPV. Results:ILM flap was integrated in all cases with V-shape of closure, and atrophy was found in one case, with the largest diameter of FTMH. BCVA improved in two cases and remained the same in two cases. In OCT-A, the area of foveal avascular zone (FAZ) was larger, and foveal vessel density (FVDS) was smaller in eyes after secondary PPV in comparison to fellow eyes. In microperimetry, retinal sensitivity was lower in eyes after secondary PPV, and eccentric fixation was found in 2 of 4 patients. Conclusion:Although the anatomical results of repeated surgeries of FTMH with ILM plug are favorable, visual function results may be limited. Secondary closure of FTMH with ILM plug may lead to atrophy, changes in the macular vasculature, and eccentric fixation. The trial is registered with NCT03701542.
Project description:Differences in the pathogenesis and clinical characteristics between lamellar macular hole (LMH) with and without LMH-associated epiretinal proliferation (LHEP) can have surgical implications. This study investigated the effects of treating LHEP by foveolar internal limiting membrane (ILM) non-peeling and epiretinal proliferative (EP) tissue repositioning on visual acuity and foveolar architecture. Consecutive patients with LHEP treated at our institution were enrolled. The eyes were divided into a conventional total ILM peeling group (group 1, n?=?11) and a foveolar ILM non-peeling group (group 2, n?=?22). In group 2, a doughnut-shaped ILM was peeled, leaving a 400-?m-diameter ILM without elevated margin over the foveola after EP tissue repositioning. The EP tissue was elevated, trimmed, and inverted into the LMH. Postoperatively, the LMH was sealed in all eyes in group 2, with significantly better best-corrected visual acuity (-0.26 vs -0.10 logMAR; p?=?0.002). A smaller retinal defect (p?=?0.003), a more restored ellipsoid zone (p?=?0.002), and a more smooth foveal depression (p?<?0.001) were achieved in group 2. Foveolar ILM non-peeling and EP tissue repositioning sealed the LMH, released the tangential traction, and achieved better visual acuity. The presumed foveolar architecture may be reconstructed surgically. LMH with LHEP could have a combined degenerative and tractional mechanism.