Prognostic implications of decreased microRNA-101-3p expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression level of microRNA-101-3p (miR-101-3p) and its possible association with progression, prognosis and chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database was used. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to verify the expression in 327 NSCLC and 42 adjacent normal lung tissues, of which 42 viable tissues were paired with nearby normal lung tissues. Based on the Cox regression model, univariate and multivariate analyses were used to address the factors that had effects on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rate. Data from the GEO database demonstrated that the miR-101-3p expression in NSCLC was downregulated, compared with normal lung cancer. Survival analysis through univariate and multivariate models indicated that the miR-101-3p expression level was a crucial risk factor for OS and DFS in patients with NSCLC. A number of clinical parameters were determined to be associated with miR-101-3p expression, including tumor diameter, lymph node metastasis and tumor-node-metastasis stage. Adjuvant chemotherapy with high expression of miR-101-3p was determined to increase OS and DFS in patients with NSCLC, compared with patients with de novo or low expression of miR-101-3p. The present results demonstrated that miR-101-3p expression levels were associated with NSCLC progression and prognosis, which indicated that miR-101-3p may serve as a biomarker for patients with NSCLC who have received adjuvant chemotherapy.
Project description:Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the primary cause of cancer-related death worldwide, with a low 5-year survival rate even in fully resected early-stage disease. Novel biomarkers to identify patients at higher risk of relapse are needed. We studied the prognostic value of 84 circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in 182 patients with resected early-stage NSCLC (99 adenocarcinoma (ADC), 83 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)) from whom peripheral blood samples were collected pre-surgery. miRNA expression was analyzed in relation to disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). In univariable analyses, five miRNAs (miR-26a-5p, miR-126-3p, miR-130b-3p, miR-205-5p, and miR-21-5p) were significantly associated with DFS in SCC, and four (miR-130b-3p, miR-26a-5p, miR-126-3p, and miR-205-5p) remained significantly associated with OS. In ADC, miR-222-3p, miR-22-3p, and mir-93-5p were significantly associated with DFS, miR-22-3p remaining significant for OS. Given the high-dimensionality of the dataset, multivariable models were obtained using a regularized Cox regression including all miRNAs and clinical covariates. After adjustment for disease stage, only miR-126-3p showed an independent prognostic role, with higher values associated with longer DFS in SCC patients. With regard to ADC and OS, no miRNA remained significant in multivariable analysis. Further investigation into the role of miR-126 as a prognostic marker in early-stage NSCLC is warranted.
Project description:Altered expression of microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) contributes to lung carcinogenesis. The present study performed an in silico analysis of differentially expressed miRNAs in different peripheral blood samples from patients with various diseases vs. controls using the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database data, and assessed miR-105-1 expression in 32 normal lung and 142 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissue samples using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Survival data were calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves and a log-rank test. The stepwise forward Cox regression model was performed for univariate and multivariate analyses of independent predictor of overall survival (OS) of patients. The data on in silico and tissue microarray analyses of miRNA expression revealed reduced miR-105-1 expression in different types of human cancer, particularly in NSCLC. The level of miR-105-1 expression was confirmed to be downregulated in NSCLC tissues compared with that in normal lung tissues. Reduced miR-105-1 expression was associated with larger tumor size as well as poor OS and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients. Multivariate survival analysis demonstrated that reduced miR-105-1 expression and tumor size were independent predictors for OS of NSCLC patients. In conclusion, reduced miR-105-1 expression in NSCLC tissues is associated with poor OS and DFS of NSCLC patients.
Project description:Circular RNA mediator of cell motility 1 (circ-MEMO1) was identified as an oncogene in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Nevertheless, the working mechanism behind circ-MEMO1-mediated progression of NSCLC is barely known. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was applied to detect the expression of circ-MEMO1, microRNA-101-3p (miR-101-3p), and KRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase (KRAS). Cell proliferation and aerobic glycolysis were detected by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and glycolysis detection kits. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate cell cycle progression and apoptosis of NSCLC cells. Western blot assay was used to measure the protein expression of hexokinase 2 (HK2), lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), KRAS, CD9, CD81, tumor susceptibility 101 (TSG101), and Golgi matrix protein 130 kDa (GM130). The target relationship between miR-101-3p and circ-MEMO1 or KRAS was predicted by StarBase software and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay, and RNA-pull down assay. In vivo tumor growth assay was conducted to assess the effect of circ-MEMO1 in vivo. Exosomes were isolated using the ExoQuick precipitation kit. Circ-MEMO1 was up-regulated in NSCLC, and high expression of circ-MEMO1 predicted poor prognosis in NSCLC patients. Circ-MEMO1 accelerated the proliferation, cell cycle progression, and glycolytic metabolism and inhibited the apoptosis of NSCLC cells. Circ-MEMO1 negatively regulated the expression of miR-101-3p through direct interaction, and si-circ-MEMO1-induced biological effects were attenuated by the introduction of anti-miR-101-3p. MiR-101-3p directly interacted with the 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) of KRAS messenger RNA (mRNA), and KRAS level was regulated by circ-MEMO1/miR-101-3p axis. Circ-MEMO1 silencing suppressed the NSCLC tumor growth in vivo. ROC curve analysis revealed that high expression of serum exosomal circ-MEMO1 (exo-circ-MEMO1) might be a valuable diagnostic marker for NSCLC. Circ-MEMO1 facilitated the progression and glycolysis of NSCLC through regulating miR-101-3p/KRAS axis.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to determine the function of long non-coding RNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 6 (SNHG6) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS:The association of SNHG6 or miR-101-3p with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in patents with NSCLC was assessed by TCGA dataset. Cell proliferation and invasion were evaluated by MTT and Transwell assays and SNHG6-specific binding with miR-101-3p was verified by bioinformatic analysis, luciferase gene report and RNA immunoprecipitation assays. qRT-PCR and Western blot was used to assess the effects of SNHG6 on the expression of miR-101-3p and chromodomain Y like (CDYL) in NSCLC cells. A xenograft tumor model in vivo was established to observe the effects of SNHG6 knockdown on tumor growth. RESULTS:We found that increased expression of SNHG6 was associated with pathological stage and lymph node infiltration, and acted as an independent prognostic factor of tumor recurrence in patients with NSCLC. Silencing SNHG6 expression repressed cell growth and invasion in vitro and in vivo, but overexpression of SNHG6 reversed these effects. Furthermore, SNHG6 was identified to act as a sponge of miR-101-3p, which could reduce cell proliferation and attenuate SNHG6-induced CDYL expression. Low expression of miR-101-3p or high expression of CDYL was related to poor survival in patients with NSCLC. CONCLUSIONS:Our findings demonstrated that lncRNA SNHG6 contributed to the proliferation and invasion of NSCLC by downregulating miR-101-3p.
Project description:Germ cell tumours predominantly of the testis ((T)GCTs) are remarkably chemotherapy sensitive. However, a small proportion of patients fail to be cured with cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy. miR-371a-3p is a new liquid biopsy biomarker for (T)GCTs. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical utility of plasma miR-371a-3p level in patients starting systemic chemotherapy. Patients were included before the first cycle (N = 180) and second cycle (N = 101) of systemic first line chemotherapy, treated between July 2010 and May 2017. Plasma miR-371a-3p levels were measured with the ampTSmiR test and compared to disease characteristics and outcome. Pretreatment plasma miR-371a-3p levels were increased in 51.7% of cases and associated with number of metastatic sites, presence of lung, retroperitoneal, and mediastinal lymph node metastases, S - stage, IGCCCG risk group, and response to therapy. Patients with a negative pretreatment plasma level had better progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared to patients being positive for miR-371a-3p (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.09-0.71, P = 0.02 for PFS and HR = 0.21, 95% CI 0.07-0.67, P = 0.03 for OS, respectively). Patients negative for miR-371a-3p in both samples had a superior PFS (HR = 0.10, 95% CI 0.01-21.49, P = 0.02) and OS (HR = 0.08, 95% CI 0.01-27.81, P = 0.008) compared to patients with miR-371a-3p positive in both samples (multivariate analyses were non-significant). In total 68% of the patients were S0. This study demonstrates clinical value of plasma miR-371a-3p level in chemotherapy naïve (T)GCT patients starting first line of chemotherapy to predict prognosis.
Project description:Background:Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for over 80% of all lung cancers. Serum microRNAs (miRNAs), due to their high stability, have the potential to become valuable noninvasive biomarkers. This present study was aimed to identify the serum miRNAs expression signatures for the diagnosis and prognosis of NSCLC using bioinformatics analysis. Methods:A total of 12 miRNAs profiling studies have been identified in Pubmed, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), and ArreyExpress databases. Differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) were analyzed according to GEO2R online tool and RRA method from R. Then, prediction of DEmiRNAs' target genes from TargetScan, PicTar, miRDB, Tarbase, and miRanda database. Furthermore, we using reverse transcription- quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to evaluate the expression levels of DEmiRNAs in serum samples obtained from NSCLC patients and healthy controls. Subsequently, the clinical significance of the tested miRNAs was determined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and Cox regression analysis. Results:A total of 27 DEmiRNAs were identified and 5 of them (miR-1228-3p, miR-1228-5p, miR-133a-3p, miR-1273f, miR-545-3p) were significantly up-regulated and 4 of them (miR-181a-5p, miR-266-5p, miR-361-5p, miR-130a-3p) were significantly down-regulated in NSCLC patients compared with healthy controls. RT-qPCR validated that miR-1228-3p (P?=0.006) and miR-181a-5p (P?=0.030) were significantly differentially expressed in the serum of NSCLC patients and healthy controls. ROC analysis on miR-1228-3p and miR-181a-5p revealed the area under the curve (AUC) of 0.685 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.563-0.806; P?=0.006) and 0.647 (95% CI, 0.506-0.758; P?=0.049). ROC analysis on miR-1228-3p combined miR-181a-5p revealed the AUC of 0.711 (95% CI, 0.593-0.828; P?=0.002). Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the high serum miR-1228-3p level was an independent factor for the poor prognosis of NSCLC patients. Conclusions:Serum miR-1228-3p and miR-181a-5p are potential noninvasive biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of NSCLC patients.
Project description:Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most aggressive cancer and the prognosis of these patients is unfavorable. We revealed that the expression levels of both strands of miR-99a (miR-99a-5p and miR-99a-3p) were significantly suppressed in several cancer tissues. Analyses of large The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets showed that reduced miR-99a-5p or miR-99a-3p expression is associated with worse prognoses in LUAD patients (disease-free survival (DFS): p = 0.1264 and 0.0316; overall survival (OS): p = 0.0176 and 0.0756, respectively). Ectopic expression of these miRNAs attenuated LUAD cell proliferation, suggesting their tumor-suppressive roles. Our in silico analysis revealed 23 putative target genes of pre-miR-99a in LUAD cells. Among these targets, high expressions of 19 genes were associated with worse prognoses in LUAD patients (OS: p < 0.05). Notably, FAM64A was regulated by both miR-99a-5p and miR-99a-3p in LUAD cells, and its aberrant expression was significantly associated with poor prognosis in LUAD patients (OS: p = 0.0175; DFS: p = 0.0276). FAM64A knockdown using siRNAs suggested that elevated FAM64A expression contributes to cancer progression. Aberrant FAM64A expression was detected in LUAD tissues by immunostaining. Taken together, our miRNA-based analysis might be effective for identifying prognostic and therapeutic molecules in LUAD.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Previous studies have shown that miR-144-3p might be a potential biomarker in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Nevertheless, the comprehensive mechanism behind the effects of miR-144-3p on the origin, differentiation, and apoptosis of NSCLC, as well as the relationship between miR-144-3p and clinical parameters, has been rarely reported. METHODS:We investigated the correlations between miR-144-3p expression and clinical characteristics through data collected from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) microarrays, the relevant literature, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and real-time quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) analyses to determine the clinical role of miR-144-3p in NSCLC. Furthermore, we investigated the biological function of miR-144-3p by Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was created to identify the hub genes. RESULTS:From the comprehensive meta-analysis, the combined SMD of miR-144-3p was - 0.95 with 95% CI of (- 1.37, - 0.52), indicating that less miR-144-3p was expressed in the NSCLC tissue than in the normal tissue. MiR-144-3p expression was significantly correlated with stage, lymph node metastasis and vascular invasion (all P < 0.05). As for the bioinformatics analyses, a total of 37 genes were chosen as the potential targets of miR-144-3p in NSCLC. These promising target genes were highly enriched in various key pathways such as the protein digestion and absorption and the thyroid hormone signaling pathways. Additionally, PPI revealed five genes-C12orf5, CEP55, E2F8, STIL, and TOP2A-as hub genes with the threshold value of 6. CONCLUSIONS:The current study validated that miR-144-3p was lowly expressed in NSCLC. More importantly, miR-144-3p might function as a latent tumor biomarker in the prognosis prediction for NSCLC. The results of bioinformatics analyses may present a new method for investigating the pathogenesis of NSCLC.
Project description:miR-193a-3p is a tumor-related miRNA playing an essential role in tumorigenesis and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between miR-193a-3p expression and clinical value and to further explore the potential signaling of miR-193a-3p in the carcinogenesis of NSCLC. RNA-sequencing and microarray data were collected from the databases GEO, ArrayExpress and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Furthermore, in silico assessments were performed to analyze the prospective pathways and networks of the target genes of miR-193a-3p. In total, 453 cases of NSCLC patients and 476 normal controls were included in blood samples, while 920 cases of NSCLC patients and 406 normal controls were included in tissue samples. The pooled positive likelihood ratio, the pooled negative likelihood ratio and the pooled diagnostic odds ratio were calculated to reflect the diagnostic value of miR-193a-3p in blood and tissue samples. Moreover, the areas under the curve of the summary receiver operating characteristic curve of blood and tissue were 0.64 and 0.79, respectively. In addition, we found a lower level of miR-193a in NSCLC tissues than in non-cancerous controls based on TCGA. A gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis demonstrated that miR-193a-3p could be related to key signaling pathways in NSCLC. Also, several vital pathways were illustrated by KEGG. Lower expression of miR-193a-3p in tissue samples of NSCLC may be associated with tumorigenesis and be a predictor of deterioration of NSCLC patients, and pathway analysis revealed crucial signaling pathways correlated with the incidence and progress of NSCLC.
Project description:Cisplatin (CDDP) resistance is a major clinical problem associated with poor prognosis in gastric cancer (GC) patients. In this study, we performed integrated analysis of TCGA data from microRNAs (miRNAs) expression matrix of GC patients who received CDDP-based chemotherapy with GEO dataset which contains differential miRNAs expression profiles in CDDP-resistant and -sensitive cell lines. We identified miR-148a-3p downregulation as a key step involved in CDDP resistance. Using a cohort consisting 105 GC patients who received CDDP-based therapy, we found that miR-148a-3p downregulation was associated with a decrease in patients' disease-free survival (DFS, P = 0.0077). A series of experiment data demonstrated that: 1) miR-148a-3p was downregulated in CDDP-resistant GC cell lines; 2) miR-148a-3p reconstitution sensitized CDDP-resistant cells to CDDP treatment through promoting mitochondrial fission and decreasing AKAP1 expression level; 3) AKAP1 played a novel role in CDDP resistance by inhibiting P53-mediated DRP1 dephosphorylation; 4) miR-148a-3p reconstitution in CDDP-resistant cells inhibits the cyto-protective autophagy by suppressing RAB12 expression and mTOR1 activation. Taken together, our study demonstrates that miR-148a-3p could be a promising prognostic marker or therapeutic candidate for overcoming CDDP resistance in GC.