Complete Genome Sequence of the Arcobacter marinus Type Strain JCM 15502.
ABSTRACT: Arcobacter species are often recovered from marine environments and are isolated from both seawater and shellfish. Arcobacter marinus was recovered from the homogenate of a sample containing surface seawater, seaweed, and a starfish. This study describes the whole-genome sequence of the A. marinus type strain JCM 15502 (= CL-S1T = KCCM 90072T).
Project description:Arcobacter canalis was originally recovered from shellfish and from a sewage-contaminated canal. Arcobacter canalis is closely related to the marine bacterium Arcobacter marinus This study describes the complete whole-genome sequence of the A. canalis type strain LMG 29148 (=F138-33T; =CECT 8984T), which was recovered from oysters.
Project description:Arcobacter spp. are highly prevalent in contaminated environmental waters and have been recovered from both freshwater and seawater, with several species isolated from shellfish. Arcobacter ellisii was recovered from mussels collected in Catalonia, Spain. This study describes the whole-genome sequence of the A. ellisii type strain LMG 26155 (=F79-6T =CECT 7837T).
Project description:<i>Arcobacter</i> spp. are emerging waterborne and foodborne zoonotic pathogens responsible for gastroenteritis in humans. In this work, we evaluated the occurrence and the antimicrobial resistance profile of <i>Arcobacter</i> isolates recovered from different aquatic sources. Besides, we searched for <i>Arcobacter</i> spp. in seaweeds and the corresponding seawater samples. Bacteriological and molecular methods applied to 100 samples led to the isolation of 28 <i>Arcobacter</i> isolates from 27 samples. The highest prevalence was detected in rivers followed by artificial ponds, streams, well waters, and spring waters. Seaweeds contained a higher percentage of <i>Arcobacter</i> than the corresponding seawater samples. The isolates were identified as <i>Arcobacter butzleri</i> (96.4%) and <i>Arcobacter cryaerophilus</i> (3.6%). All the isolates showed a multi-drug resistance profile, being resistant to at least three different classes of antibiotics. Molecular analysis of genetic determinants responsible for tetracycline resistance in nine randomly chosen isolates revealed the presence of <i>tetO</i> and/or <i>tetW.</i> This work confirms the occurrence and the continuous emergence of antibiotic-resistant <i>Arcobacter</i> strains in environmental samples; also, the presence of quinolone-resistant <i>Arcobacter</i> spp. in aquatic sources used for water supply and irrigation represents a potential risk for human health.
Project description:Arcobacter have been frequently detected in and isolated from bivalves, but there is very little information on the genus Arcobacter in the abalone, an important fishery resource. This study aimed to investigate the genetic diversity and abundance of bacteria from the genus Arcobacter in the Japanese giant abalone, Haliotis gigantea, using molecular methods such as Arcobacter-specific clone libraries and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Furthermore, we attempted to isolate the Arcobacter species detected. Twelve genotypes of clones were obtained from Arcobacter-specific clone libraries. These sequences are not classified with any other known Arcobacter species including pathogenic Arcobacter spp., A. butzleri, A. skirrowii, and A. cryaerophilus, commonly isolated or detected from bivalves. From the FISH analysis, we observed that ARC94F-positive cells, presumed to be Arcobacter, accounted for 6.96 ± 0.72% of all EUB338-positive cells. In the culture method, three genotypes of Arcobacter were isolated from abalones. One genotype had a similarity of 99.2%-100.0% to the 16S rRNA gene of Arcobacter marinus, while the others showed only 93.3%-94.3% similarity to other Arcobacter species. These data indicate that abalones carry Arcobacter as a common bacterial genus which includes uncultured species.
Project description:The genus Arcobacter encompasses gram-negative, aerotolerant, spiral-shaped bacteria formerly designated Campylobacter cryaerophila. Two genus-specific 16S rRNA-based oligonucleotide DNA probes (23-mer and 27-mer) were developed. The probes hybridized with strains of Arcobacter butzleri (n = 58), Arcobacter cryaerophilus (n = 19), and Arcobacter skirrowii (n = 17). The probes did not cross-react with any of the reference strains of Campylobacter, Helicobacter, including "Flexispira rappini," or Wolinella. The 27-mer hybridized with 61 Arcobacter spp. field isolates originating from late-term aborted porcine (n = 54) and equine (n = 2) fetuses and humans with enteritis (n = 5). The species of Arcobacter isolates (n = 56) recovered from aborted livestock fetuses were determined by ribotyping and were as follows: A. cryaerophilus group 1A (11 of 56; 20%), A. cryaerophilus group 1B (37 of 56; 66%), A. butzleri (5 of 56; 9%), and unknown (3 of 56; 5%). The five human field strains were identified as A. butzleri. A species-specific DNA probe (24-mer) for A. butzleri was also developed since there is evidence that this organism may be a human pathogen. This probe hybridized with previously characterized strains of A. butzleri (n = 58), with 10 field strains identified as A. butzleri by ribotyping and with 2 strains having an indeterminate ribotype. The A. butzleri-specific probe did not cross-react with strains of A. skirrowii (n = 17) and A. cryaerophilus (n = 19).
Project description:Arcobacters are routinely recovered from marine environments, and multiple Arcobacter species have been isolated from shellfish. Arcobacter bivalviorum was recovered from mussels collected in the Ebro Delta in northeastern Spain. This report describes the complete whole-genome sequence of the A. bivalviorum type strain LMG 26154 (= F4T = CECT 7835T).
Project description:Multiple Arcobacter species have been recovered from fresh and contaminated waters, marine environments, and shellfish. Arcobacter mytili was recovered in 2006 from mussels collected from the Ebro River delta in Catalonia, Spain. This study describes the complete whole-genome sequence of the A. mytili type strain LMG 24559 (=F2075T =CECT 7386T).
Project description:Arcobacter species have been recovered from food and/or food animals, and several of these species are potential human pathogens. Arcobacter trophiarum was recovered from fecal samples taken from pigs on two Belgian farms. This study describes the whole-genome sequence of the A. trophiarum type strain LMG 25534 (=64T =CCUG 59229T).
Project description:Arcobacter species are prevalent in pigs, and strains have been isolated from pig feces and pork meat; some Arcobacter strains may be porcine abortifacients. Arcobacter suis was recovered from pork meat in Spain. This study describes the whole-genome sequence of the A. suis type strain LMG 26152 (=F41T =CECT 7833T).
Project description:Arcobacter species are recovered from a wide variety of sources, including animals, food, and both fresh and marine waters. Several Arcobacter species have also been recovered from human clinical samples and are thus associated tentatively with food- and water-borne human illnesses. Genome sequencing of the poultry isolate Arcobacter cibarius H743 and the Arcobacter acticola, Arcobacter pacificus, and Arcobacter porcinus type strains identified a large number and variety of insertion sequences. This study presents an analysis of these A. acticola, A. cibarius, A. pacificus, and A. porcinus IS elements. The four genomes sequenced here contain 276 complete and degenerate IS elements, representing 13 of the current 29 prokaryotic IS element families. Expansion of the analysis to include 15 other previously sequenced Arcobacter spp. added 73 complete and degenerate IS elements. Several of these IS elements were identified in two or more Arcobacter species, suggesting movement by horizontal gene transfer between the arcobacters. These IS elements are putatively associated with intragenomic deletions and inversions, and tentative movement of antimicrobial resistance genes. The A. cibarius strain H743 megaplasmid contains multiple IS elements common to the chromosome and, unusually, a complete ribosomal RNA locus, indicating that larger scale genomic rearrangements, potentially resulting from IS element-mediated megaplasmid cointegration and resolution may be occurring within A. cibarius and possibly other arcobacters. The presence of such a large and varied suite of mobile elements could have profound effects on Arcobacter biology and evolution.