MiRNA-299-5p regulates estrogen receptor alpha and inhibits migration and invasion of papillary thyroid cancer cell.
ABSTRACT: Background:The incidence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is increasing faster than any other solid tumors worldwide. Invasion and metastasis are the main reasons for the poor prognosis of patients with PTC. Previously, we observed significantly low expression of miRNA-299-5p in invasive PTC tissue samples. Aim:The present study aimed to determine whether miR-299-5p plays a key role in PTC migration and invasion. Materials and methods:The miR-299-5p expression level was measured using quantitative real-time PCR in 109 human PTC samples and paired adjacent normal tissues and in the human BCPAP PTC cell line. The effects of miR-299-5p on PTC cell migration and invasion were assessed using wound healing and transwell assays. In addition, we searched for the miR-299-5p target, and the potential mechanism was demonstrated using a reporter assay and rescue experiment. Results:The expression of miR-299-5p was associated with gender and extrathyroidal extension, and an elevated level of miR-299-5p suppressed BCPAP cell migration and invasion. Estrogen receptor ? (ER?) is a direct target of miR-299-5p. The expression level of ER? was significantly higher in PTC tissues and was associated with migration and invasion in PTC cells. Overexpression of ER? could impair miR-299-5p-induced inhibition of migration and invasion. As a key factor of the pathway related to PTC invasion, Gli1 can be combined with ER? and can be regulated by miR-299-5p. Conclusion:Our data suggested that miR-299-5p could participate in PTC migration and invasion and could be a potential therapeutic target for patients with aggressive PTC tumors.
Project description:Numerous studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a key role in human carcinogenesis and metastasis. For example, miR?299?5p has previously been revealed to be dysregulated in several human cancers. However, the biological function of miR?299?5p in breast cancer remains unclear. The present study demonstrated that miR?299?5p was downregulated in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. The restoration of miR?299?5p expression suppressed cell migration and invasion, whereas inhibition of miR?299?5p promoted cell migration and invasion. In addition, in vivo studies demonstrated that miR?299?5p overexpression was able to inhibit tumour metastasis in nude mice. Mechanistically, through bioinformatics analysis and a dual?luciferase assay, it was confirmed that miR?299?5p directly targets serine/threonine kinase 39 (STK39). Silencing STK39 inhibited cell metastasis and suppressed epithelial?mesenchymal transition markers and matrix metalloproteinase expression, whereas restoration of STK39 expression was able to reverse miR?299?5p?inhibited cell migration and invasion. Collectively, the results of the present study demonstrated that miR?299?5p supresses breast cancer cell migration and invasion by targeting STK39. These findings may provide novel insights into miR?299?5p and its potential diagnostic and therapeutic benefits in breast cancer.
Project description:This study screened microRNAs (miRNAs) that are abnormally expressed in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) tissues to identify PTC and nodular goiter and the degree of PTC malignancy. A total of 51 thyroid tumor tissue specimens paired with adjacent normal thyroid tissues were obtained from the Department of Surgical Oncology of Hangzhou First People's Hospital from June-December 2011. miRNA expression profiles were examined by microarrays and validated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Expression levels of the miRNAs were analyzed to assess if they were associated with selected clinicopathological features. Eleven miRNAs were significantly differentially expressed between nodular goiter and PTC and between highly invasive and low invasive PTC. miR-199b-5p and miR-30a-3p were significantly differentially expressed among the three groups. miR-30a-3p, miR-122-5p, miR-136-5p, miR-146b-5p and miR-199b-5p were selected for further study by qRT-PCR and miR-146b-5p, miR-199b-5p and miR-30a-3p were different between the PTC and nodular goiter groups. miR-199b-5p was over-expressed in PTC patients with extrathyroidal invasion and cervical lymph node metastasis. In conclusion miR-146b-5p, miR-30a-3p, and miR-199b-5p may serve as biomarkers for the diagnosis of PTC and miR-199b-5p is associated with PTC invasiveness.
Project description:Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to have several functional roles in tumor biology, and they are deregulated in many types of cancer. The role of a novel lncRNA, NORAD, in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is still unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that NORAD expression was upregulated in PTC cell lines and samples. Ectopic expression of NORAD promoted PTC cell growth, invasion and migration. Overexpression of NORAD promotes epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) progression in the PTC cell. Furthermore, overexpression of NORAD suppressed miR-202-5p expression in PTC cells. The data suggested that miR-202-5p expression was downregulated in PTC cell lines and samples and was negatively correlated with NORAD expression in PTC tissues. Overexpression of miR-202-5p suppressed PTC cell growth, invasion and migration. In addition, we demonstrated that elevated expression of NORAD promoted PTC cell growth, invasion and migration by inhibiting miR-202-5p expression. These results suggested that the lncRNA NORAD acts as an oncogene in PTC progression, partly by regulating miR-202-5p expression.
Project description:With the increasing incidence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), more attention has been paid to exploring the mechanism of PTC initiation and progression. In addition, ectopic expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is reported to play a pivotal role in multiple human cancers. Based on these findings, we examined lncRNA ABHD11 antisense RNA 1 (ABHD11-AS1) expression and its clinical significance, biological function and mechanism in PTC. First, we analyzed thyroid ABHD11-AS1 expression in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. Then, qRT-PCR was applied to detect the expression in paired PTC tissues and adjacent normal tissues, as well as in PTC cell lines (TPC-1 and K-1) and a normal thyroid follicular epithelium cell line (Nthy-ori3-1). In addition, we validated the relationship between ABHD11-AS1 expression and clinicopathological features by the Pearson X2 test. The oncogenic role of ABHD11-AS1 and its regulation of miR-199a-5p in PTC were examined by biological assays. Finally, bioinformatics analysis and mechanism assays were used to elucidate the underlying mechanism. We found that ABHD11-AS1 was remarkably overexpressed in PTC, and high expression was related to tumor size, lymph node metastasis, extrathyroidal extension and advanced TNM stage. Moreover, ABHD11-AS1 enhanced the abilities of cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, inhibited apoptosis in vitro, promoted tumorigenesis in vivo via sponging miR-199a-5p and then induced SLC1A5 activation. In addition, rescue assays were performed to confirm the ABHD11-AS1/miR-199a-5p/SLC1A5 axis. Taken together, the data show that ABHD11-AS1 acts as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to exert malignant properties in PTC through the miR-199a-5p/SLC1A5 axis. Therefore, our study may shed light on PTC diagnosis and therapies.
Project description:Thyroid cancer is one of the most prevalent endocrine neoplasm. The present study examined the effects of Colorectal Neoplasia Differentially Expressed (CRNDE) on the progression of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect CRNDE, miR-384 and pleiotrophin (PTN) mRNA expression. Western blot was used to measure PTN protein levels. Cell proliferation, cell growth, cell invasion and migration of PTC cells were determined by CCK-8, colony formation, transwell invasion and migration assays, respectively. CRNDE was up-regulated in PTC tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of CRNDE promoted BCPAP cell proliferation, invasion and migration, while knock-down of CRNDE suppressed K1 cell proliferation, invasion and migration. CRNDE negatively regulated the expression of miR-384 in PTC cells, which was further confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. MiR-384 was down-regulated and inversely correlated with CRNDE expression in PTC tissues. MiR-384 suppressed cell proliferation, invasion and migration in PTC cells, and enforced expression of miR-384 attenuated the oncogenic effects of CRNDE in PTC cells. PTN was predicted as a downstream target of miR-384, which was confirmed by luciferase reporter assay, and PTN was up-regulated in PTC tissues, and was negatively correlated with miR-384 expression and positively correlated with CRNDE expression in PTC tissues. In summary, our results suggested that the CRNDE/miR-384/PTN axis may play an important role in the regulation of PTC progression, which provides us with new insights into understanding the PTC.
Project description:Purpose:The incidence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is increasing, and traditional diagnostic methods are unsatisfactory. Therefore, identifying novel prognostic markers is very important. ciRS-7 has been found to play an important role in many cancers, but its role in PTC has not been reported. This study was performed to evaluate the biological role and mechanism of ciRS-7 in PTC. Material and Methods. The expression of ciRS-7 in PTC tissues and the matched adjacent tissues was determined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The PTC cell lines (TPC-1 and BCPAP) were used to evaluate the role of ciRS-7. ciRS-7-siRNA and overexpression plasmid were constructed and transfected into PTC cells. A CCK-8 assay and colony formation assay were performed to explore the effects of ciRS-7 on cell proliferation. Annexin V/PI staining and FACS detection were used to detect cell apoptosis. Wound healing assay was performed to detect cell migration. A transwell assay was conducted to explore the effects of ciRS-7 on invasion and migration. Western blotting was performed to evaluate protein expression. The luciferase reporter system was used to determine the underlying mechanism of miR-7. Result:ciRS-7 was highly expressed in PTC tissues and cell lines compared with the corresponding controls. In vitro study showed that ciRS-7 silencing suppressed proliferation, migration, and invasion of TPC-1 and BCPAP. Mechanistically, the effects of ciRS-7 on invasion and migration may be related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). ciRS-7 silencing could attenuate effects on PTC cells induced by miR-7 knockdown. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which was demonstrated to be a target of miR-7, decreased significantly in ciRS-7-siRNA PTC cells. Overexpression of EGFR also attenuated effects of PTC cells induced by silencing ciRS-7. Conclusion:ciRS-7 was significantly upregulated in PTC tissues, and it promoted the progression of PTC by regulating the miR-7/EGFR axis. ciRS-7 is a promising prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target in PTC.
Project description:Abnormalities of autophagy can result in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Nevertheless, the regulatory mechanisms of autophagy in AD are not well understood. Here, we describe our findings that microRNA (miR)-299-5p functions as an autophagy inhibitor by suppressing Atg5 and antagonizing caspase-dependent apoptosis. We observed decreased levels of miR-299-5p both in primary neurons under conditions of starvation and in hippocampi of APPswe/PS1dE9 mice. Additionally, low levels of miR-299-5p were observed in cerebrospinal fluid of AD patients. MiR-299-5p treatment resulted in attenuation of Atg5 and autophagy in primary neurons from APPswe/PS1dE9 mice, N2a cells and SH-SY5Y cells, whereas antagomiR-299-5p enhanced autophagy. Atg5 was verified as a direct target of miR-299-5p by dual luciferase reporter assays. Furthermore, transfection of miR-299-5p into primary hippocampal neurons caused the attenuation of caspase-mediated apoptosis, which was reversed upon starvation-induced autophagy. Inhibition of autophagy by shRNA knockdown of LC3? reduced apoptotic neuron death induced by antagomiR-299-5p. Injection of agomiR-299-5p into the cerebral ventricles of AD mice inhibited both autophagy and apoptosis and also improved the cognitive performance of mice. Overall, our results suggest that miR-299-5p modulates neuron survival programs by regulating autophagy. Thus, miR-299-5p serves as a potential neuroprotective factor in AD.
Project description:BACKGROUND:MicroRNA (miRNA) dysregulation was commonly seen in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and miR-195 was verified to be downregulated in PTC by the large data set analysis from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Our study aimed to explore the biological functions and the underlying molecular mechanisms of miR-195 in PTC. METHODS:The relative expression of miR-195 and its target genes were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR assay in 38 pairs of PTC and the adjacent thyroid tissues. Assays were performed to evaluate the effect of miR-195 on the proliferation, migration, and invasion in PTC cell lines. Moreover, we searched for targets of miR-195 and explored the possible molecular pathway of miR-195 in PTC. RESULTS:We found that miR-195 was downregulated in PTC cell lines and tissues. Overexpression of miR-195 significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in K1 and BCPAP cell lines. CCND1 and FGF2, which had inverse correlations with miR-195 in clinical specimens, were found to be the direct targets of miR-195. Furthermore, miR-195 might be involved in PTC tumorigenesis by suppressing the Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS:These results highlight an important role of miR-195 in the initiation and progression of PTC and implicate the potential application of miR-195 in PTC target therapy.
Project description:Background:Emerging studies have demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are key regulators for tumorigenesis in cancers, including papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In this study, we aimed to explore the effects of circ_LDLR on PTC. Methods:Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to determine the levels of circ_LDLR, miR-195-5p and lipase H (LIPH). RNase R digestion assay and Actinomycin D assay were utilized to analyze the characteristics of circ_LDLR. Colony formation assay and 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay were conducted to evaluate cell proliferation. Western blot assay was used for the determination of protein levels. Flow cytometry analysis was applied to determine cell apoptosis. Transwell assay was performed to determine cell migration and invasion. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the associations among circ_LDLR, miR-195-5p and LIPH. The murine xenograft model was constructed to explore the roles of circ_LDLR in vivo. Results:Compared to normal tissues and cells, circ_LDLR was upregulated in PTC tissues and cells. Silencing of circ_LDLR suppressed PTC cell colony formation, proliferation, migration and invasion and promoted apoptosis in vitro and hampered tumor growth in vivo. For mechanism investigation, circ_LDLR could regulate LIPH expression via sponging miR-195-5p. Moreover, miR-195-5p inhibition restored the effects of circ_LDLR knockdown on the malignant behaviors of PTC cells. MiR-195-5p overexpression inhibited PTC cell colony formation, proliferation, migration and invasion and facilitated apoptosis by targeting LIPH. Conclusion:Circ_LDLR knockdown decelerated PTC progression by regulating miR-195-5p/LIPH axis, which might provide a novel therapeutic target for PTC.
Project description:PES1, a BRCT domain-containing protein, has been shown to play a role in modulating the balance and ratio between ER? and ER? protein, which is involved in the occurrence and development of breast and ovarian cancer. However, its role in connection with the balance and ratio between ER? and ER? protein in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) remains unclear. Here, we found that ER? and ER? were co-expressed in human PTC tissues and cells. ER? promoted and ER? inhibited the proliferation, invasion and migration of PTC cells. PES1 modulated the balance between ER? and ER? by elevating the ER? protein level and simultaneously reducing the ER? protein level, then upregulating the ER?/ER? protein ratio and promoting the proliferation, invasion and migration of PTC cells. In PTC tissues, PES1 protein level was positively correlated with the ER? protein level and negatively correlated with the ER? protein level. The PES1 and ER? protein levels were gradually increased and the ER? protein level was decreased by degree in the occurrence and development of PTC. Increased PES1 and ER? protein levels and decreased ER? protein level were correlated with the aggressive behaviors of PTC patients such as large tumor size, extrathyroidal extension (ETE), lymph node metastasis (LNM), high BRAFV600E expression and high TNM stage. It is suggested that PES1 promotes the occurrence and development of PTC by elevating the ER? protein level and reducing the ER? protein level, and then upregulating the ER?/ER? protein ratio.