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Elevated plasma catecholamines functionally compensate for the reduced myogenic tone in smooth muscle STIM1 knockout mice but with deleterious cardiac effects.

ABSTRACT: Aims:Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) has emerged as an important player in the regulation of growth and proliferation of smooth muscle cells. Therefore, we hypothesized that STIM1 plays a crucial role in the maintenance of vascular integrity. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether reduced expression of STIM1 could modify the structure and function of the vasculature, leading to changes in blood pressure (BP). Methods and results:Smooth muscle-specific STIM1 knockout (sm-STIM1 KO) in mice resulted in arteries with ∼80% reduced STIM1 protein expression as compared with control mice. Mesenteric vessels exposed to increasing transmural pressure revealed attenuated myogenic reactivity and reduced vasoconstrictor response to phenylephrine in sm-STIM1 KO arteries. BP monitored via telemetry in sm-STIM1 KO and matched controls did not reveal differences. However, heart rate was significantly increased in sm-STIM1 KO mice. Consistent with these findings, plasma catecholamine levels were higher in sm-STIM1 KO than in control mice. Increased sympathetic activity in sm-STIM1 KO mice was unmasked by apha1-adrenergic receptor inhibitor (prazosin) and by treatment with the ganglion-blocking agent, hexamethonium. Both treatments resulted in a greater reduction of BP in sm-STIM1 KO mice. Cytoskeleton of cultured smooth muscle cells was studied by immunocytochemistry using specific antibodies. Staining for actin and vinculin revealed significant alterations in the cytoskeletal architecture of cells isolated from sm-STIM1 KO arteries. Finally, although sm-STIM1 KO mice were protected from Ang II-induced hypertension, such treatment resulted in significant fibrosis and a rapid deterioration of cardiac function. Conclusions:STIM1 deletion in smooth muscle results in attenuated myogenic tone and cytoskeletal defects with detrimental effects on the mechanical properties of arterial tissue. Although BP is maintained by elevated circulating catecholamine, this compensatory stimulation has a deleterious long-term effect on the myocardium.

SUBMITTER: Pichavaram P 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6279083 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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