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Differential regulation of CD4+ T cell subsets by Silymarin in vitro and in ovalbumin immunized mice.

ABSTRACT: CD4+ T cell subsets including regulatory T cells (Tregs), Th1 and Th17 are critical for control and development of inflammation and autoimmunity. We investigated the in vitro and in vivo effects of silymarin, a well-known herbal medicine on differentiation and function of Tregs and Th1 and Th17 responses. For in vitro study, mice splenocytes treated with 20-30 ?g/ml silymarin were evaluated for gene expressions of specific transcription factors and cytokines of CD4+ T cell subsets using real-time PCR. Induction of Treg cell development in the presence of silymarin was performed on isolated naïve CD4+ T cells. Effect of silymarin-induced Tregs on T cell suppression was determined by CFSE labeling method. Results of this part showed that silymarin significantly decreased IFN?, ROR?t and IL-17 gene expressions and upregulated Foxp3, TGF-? and IL-10 mRNA. More silymarin-enhanced naïve CD4+ T cells differentiated to Tregs (67%) than the control (47%). Silymarin-induced Tregs reduced proliferation of naïve activated T cells (<50%). For in vivo study, mice were immunized with ovalbumin (Ova) on days 1 and 14. Silymarin (100 mg/Kg) was intraperitoneally administered two days before the first Ova challenge followed by on every day for two weeks. Splenocytes were then isolated for assessment of CD4+ T cell subsets and ex vivo analysis using flow cytometry. Treatment of Ova-immunized mice with silymarin increased Tregs (11.24?±?1.2%, p?


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6279658 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01


REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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